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Taxon: Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.

Genus: Canavalia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Subtribe: Diocleinae
Nomen number: 8841
Place of publication: Prodr. 2:404. 1825
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 26-Oct-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 24 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control
  • Materials: beads

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Somalia (coasts)
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya (coasts), Tanzania (coasts)
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon (coasts), Democratic Republic of the Congo (coasts), Equatorial Guinea (coasts), Gabon (coasts), Sao Tome and Principe (coasts)
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin (coasts), Cote D'Ivoire (coasts), Gambia (coasts), Ghana (coasts), Guinea-Bissau (coasts), Liberia (coasts), Nigeria (coasts), Senegal (coasts), Sierra Leone (coasts), Togo (coasts)
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola (coasts), Mozambique (coasts)
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal (coasts), Eastern Cape (coasts), Mpumalanga (coasts)]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar (coasts), Mauritius (coasts), Reunion (coasts)

    • CHINA: China, [Guangdong Sheng (coasts), Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu (coasts)] Hong Kong (coasts)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Ryukyu Islands (coasts)] Taiwan (coasts)

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh (coasts), India, [Andhra Pradesh (coasts), Gujarat (coasts), Maharashtra (coasts), Odisha (coasts), Tamil Nadu (coasts), West Bengal (coasts), Karnataka (coasts), Goa (coasts)] Sri Lanka (coasts)
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea (coasts)
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar (coasts)
    • MALESIA: Brunei Darussalam (coasts), Indonesia (coasts), Malaysia (coasts), Philippines (coasts), Singapore (coasts)

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales (coasts), Northern Territory (coasts), Queensland (coasts), Western Australia (n. coasts)]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida (coasts)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas (s. coasts)]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Sinaloa (coasts), Tamaulipas (coasts)]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche (coasts), Chiapas (coasts), Colima (coasts), Guerrero (coasts), Jalisco (coasts), Michoacán de Ocampo, Nayarit (coasts), Oaxaca (coasts), Puebla, Quintana Roo (coasts), Tabasco (coasts), Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (coasts), Yucatán (coasts)]

    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands (coasts), Micronesia (coasts)
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji (coasts)

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla (coasts), Antigua and Barbuda (coasts), Bahamas (coasts), Barbados (coasts), Bermuda (coasts), Cayman Islands (coasts), Cuba (coasts), Dominica (coasts), Dominican Republic (coasts), Grenada (coasts), Guadeloupe (coasts), Haiti (coasts), Jamaica (coasts), Martinique (coasts), Netherlands Antilles (coasts), St. Lucia (coasts), St. Vincent and Grenadines (coasts), Trinidad and Tobago (coasts), United States [Puerto Rico (coasts)]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize (coasts), Costa Rica (coasts), Guatemala (coasts), Honduras (coasts), Nicaragua (coasts), Panama (coasts)
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana (coasts), Guyana (coasts), Suriname (coasts), Venezuela (coasts)
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (coasts)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia (coasts), Ecuador (coasts), Peru (coasts)


  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  2. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica Note: = Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960-. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. Note: = Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars
  4. Aymard, C. G. 1998. Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC. versus Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars (Papilionoideae). Ernstia 8:19-25.
  5. Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85
  6. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  7. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  8. Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. 1984. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames
  9. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. Note: = Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars
  10. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  11. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  12. Du Puy, D. J. et al. 2002. The Leguminosae of Madagascar
  13. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan. 1993-. Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2.
  14. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  15. Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith. 2008. Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279.
  16. Fosberg, F. R. et al. 1979-1982. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae.
  17. Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  18. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  19. Hacker, J. B. 1990. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland University of Queensland Press, St. Lucia, Australia.
  20. Harden, G. J., ed. 2002. Flora of New South Wales, ed. 2.
  21. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  22. Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang. 1987. Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. Note: = Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars
  23. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  24. Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii)
  25. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  26. Jardim e Museu Agricola do Ultramar, Portugal. 1972-. Flora de Sao Tome e Principe.
  27. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  28. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  29. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  30. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  31. Lewis, G. P. 1987. Legumes of Bahia
  32. Liogier, H. A. 1981-. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. Note: = Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars
  33. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. Note: = Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars
  34. Lisowski, S. 2009. Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica vol. 41 & 42
  35. Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford. 2004. Legumes of Malesia: a checklist
  36. Lock, J. M. & J. Heald. 1994. Legumes of Indochina: a checklist
  37. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  38. Missouri Botanical Garden. W³Tropicos (on-line resource).
  39. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  40. Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  41. Sauer, J. 1964. Revision of Canavalia. Brittonia 16:164. Note: = Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars
  42. Seena, S. & K. R. Sridhar. 2006. Nutritional and microbiological features of little known legumes, Canavalia cathartica Thouars and C. maritima Thouars of the southwest coast of India . Curr. Sci. 90:1638-1650. Note: = Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars
  43. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  44. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). URL: http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_74.html target='_blank'
  45. Snak, C. et al. 2016. A dated phylogeny of the papilionoid legume genus Canavalia reveals recent diversification by a pantropical liana lineage. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 98:133-146.
  46. Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross. 1983-1989. Flora of south-eastern Queensland.
  47. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  48. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: Missouri Botanical Garden & Timber Press
  49. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  50. Turner, B. L. et al. 2003. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24
  51. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  52. Verdcourt, B. 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes.
  53. Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:559-902.
  54. Wagstaff, D. J. 2008. International poisonous plants checklist: an evidence-based reference Note: CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
  55. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama. Note: = Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars
  56. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
  57. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida
  58. Zhu, X. Y. et al. 2007. Legumes of China: a checklist Note: = Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars

Check other web resources for Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=8841. Accessed 13 July 2020.