Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Carissa spinarum L.

 
Genus: Carissa
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae
Tribe: Carisseae
Nomen number: 9166
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:559. 1771
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 06-Oct-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 10 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide L Edible Pl, as Carissa edulis; F ChinaEng, as Carissa edulis)
  • Medicines: folklore (as Carissa edulis)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt (s.)
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Yemen [Socotra]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa [Limpopo, Mpumalanga]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • CHINA: China [Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Irian Jaya] Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Moluccas (Aru Islands)]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia]

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia


References:

  1. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  3. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  4. Kiew, R. et al., eds. Flora of peninsular Malaysia. 2010- (F Penins Malaya)
  5. Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. & F. J. H. van Dilst 2001. Series of revisions of Apocynaceae XLIX. Carissa L. Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 2001-1:35-70.
  6. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  7. Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. (F TamilC)
  8. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. (F Thailand)
  9. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  10. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  11. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Carissa spinarum L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Carissa spinarum cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9166. Accessed 20 November 2018.