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Taxon: Castanea mollissima Blume

Genus: Castanea
Family: Fagaceae
Subfamily: Castaneoideae
Nomen number: 9442
Place of publication: Mus. bot. 1:286. 1851
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50106974
Name Verified on: 20-Nov-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 281 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • Chinese chestnut  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Chinese hairy chestnut  (Source: Handb Nuts) - English
  • châtaignier de Chine  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chinesische Kastanie  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • shinaguri  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • castaño chino  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • ban li  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: nut

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea, Taiwan

    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam (wild?)


    • CHINA: China

    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam

    Northern America
    • United States

    Naturalized (widely natzd.)

    Other (exact native range obscure)


  1. Clark, S. L. et al. 2016. Establishment of American chestnuts (Castanea dentata) bred for blight (Cryphonectria parasitica) resistance: influence of breeding and nursery grading. New Forests 47:243-270. Note: this study examined field conditions responses of seedlings of BC3F3 hybrids to blight resistance compared to parental species Castanea dentata and C. mollissima
  2. Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts CRC Press.
  3. Fernandez-Lopez, J. 2011. Identification of the genealogy of interspecific hybrids between Castanea sativa, Castanea crenata and Castanea mollissima. Forest Syst. 20:65-80.
  4. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America. Note: mentions
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Castanea+mollissima&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  6. Forest Experimental Station, Korea. 1966. Illustrated woody plants of Korea. Note: = Castanea bungeana Blume
  7. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of Fagales
  8. Grauke, L. J. & T. E. Thompson. 2003. Rootstock development in temperate nut crops. Acta Hort. 622:553-566.
  9. Griffin, G. J. 2000. Blight control and restoration of the American chestnut. J. Forest. (Washington, DC) 98:22-27.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Jaynes, R. A. & N. K. DePalma. 1984. Natural infection of nuts of Castanea dentata by Endothecia parasitica. Phytopathology 74:296-299.
  12. Jiangsu Institute of Botany. 1982. Flora of Jiangsu.
  13. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  14. Kubisiak, T. L. et al. 1997. Molecular mapping of resistance to blight in an interspecific cross in the genus Castanea. Phytopathology 87:751-759.
  15. LaBonte, N. R. et al. 2018. Signatures of selection in the genomes of Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima Blume): The roots of nut tree domestication. Front. Plant Sci. 9:810. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2018.00810
  16. Lang, P. et al. 2006. Phylogeny of Castanea (Fagaceae) based on chloroplast trnT-L-F sequence data. Tree Genet. Genomes 2:132-139.
  17. Lang, P. et al. 2007. Molecular evidence for an Asian origin and a unique westward migration of species in the genus Castanea via Europe to North America. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 43:49-59.
  18. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  19. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  20. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:88. Note: = Castanea bungeana Blume
  21. Nishio, S. et al. 2011. Genetic diversity of Japanese chestnut cultivars assessed by SSR markers. Breed. Sci. 61:109-120.
  22. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  24. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  25. Viéitez, F. J. & S. A. Merkle. 2005. Chapter 9.1. Castanea spp. Chestnut. Biotechnol. Agric. 29:265-296.
  26. Vu Van Dung, ed. 1996. Vietnam forest trees. 251.
  27. Worthen, L. M. et al. 2010. Breeding American chestnuts for blight resistance. Pl. Breed. Rev. 33:305-339.
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  29. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Castanea mollissima Blume :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Castanea mollissima cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9442. Accessed 1 June 2020.