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Taxon: Castanea mollissima Blume

Genus: Castanea
Family: Fagaceae
Subfamily: Castaneoideae
Nomen number: 9442
Place of publication: Mus. bot. 1:286. 1851
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50106974
Name Verified on: 20-Nov-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Jul-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Brownwood (BRW)
Accessions: 281 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)


Common names:

  • Chinese chestnut  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Chinese hairy chestnut  (Source: Handb Nuts) - English
  • châtaignier de Chine  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chinesische Kastanie  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • shinaguri  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • castaño chino  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • ban li  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: nut

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Guizhou Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Qinghai Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Xizang Zizhiqu, Yunnan Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Henan Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea, Taiwan

    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam (wild?)


    • CHINA: China

    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam

    Northern America
    • United States

    Naturalized (widely natzd.)

    Other (exact native range obscure)


  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Clark, S. L. et al. 2016. Establishment of American chestnuts (Castanea dentata) bred for blight (Cryphonectria parasitica) resistance: influence of breeding and nursery grading (New Forests) 47:243-270.
  3. Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts (Handb Nuts)
  4. Fernandez-Lopez, J. 2011. Identification of the genealogy of interspecific hybrids between Castanea sativa, Castanea crenata and Castanea mollissima Forest Syst. 20:65-80.
  5. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  7. Forest Experimental Station, Korea Illustrated woody plants of Korea. (WPl Korea)
  8. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Fagales (L Fagales)
  9. Grauke, L. J. & T. E. Thompson 2003. Rootstock development in temperate nut crops Acta Hort. 622:553-566.
  10. Griffin, G. J. 2000. Blight control and restoration of the American chestnut J. Forest. (Washington, DC) 98:22-27.
  11. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening (Dict Gard)
  12. Jaynes, R. A. & N. K. DePalma 1984. Natural infection of nuts of Castanea dentata by Endothecia parasitica (Phytopathology) 74:296-299.
  13. Jiangsu Institute of Botany Flora of Jiangsu. (F Jiangsu)
  14. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  15. Kubisiak, T. L. et al. 1997. Molecular mapping of resistance to blight in an interspecific cross in the genus Castanea (Phytopathology) 87:751-759.
  16. LaBonte, N. R. et al. 2018. Signatures of selection in the genomes of Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima Blume): The roots of nut tree domestication Front. Plant Sci. 9:810.
  17. Lang, P. et al. 2007. Molecular evidence for an Asian origin and a unique westward migration of species in the genus Castanea via Europe to North America Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 43:49-59.
  18. Lang, P. et al. 2006. Phylogeny of Castanea (Fagaceae) based on chloroplast trnT-L-F sequence data Tree Genet. Genomes 2:132-139.
  19. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2 (Food Feed Crops US)
  21. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:88.
  22. Nishio, S. et al. 2011. Genetic diversity of Japanese chestnut cultivars assessed by SSR markers Breed. Sci. 61:109-120.
  23. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  25. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants (Dict Rehm)
  26. Viéitez, F. J. & S. A. Merkle 2005. Chapter 9.1. Castanea spp. Chestnut Biotechnol. Agric. 29:265-296.
  27. Vu Van Dung, ed. 1996. Vietnam forest trees 251.
  28. Worthen, L. M. et al. 2010. Breeding American chestnuts for blight resistance Pl. Breed. Rev. 33:305-339.
  29. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Castanea mollissima Blume :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Castanea mollissima cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9442. Accessed 19 June 2019.