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Taxon: Castanea pumila (L.) Mill.

 
Genus: Castanea
Family: Fagaceae
Subfamily: Castaneoideae
Nomen number: 9444
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Castanea no. 2. 1768
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-Jun-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 18 (4 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Allegheny chinkapin  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • chinkapin  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • chinquapin  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • dwarf chestnut  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • golden chinquapin  (Source: NRCS Cons Pl Mat) - English
  • pennsylvanische Kastanie  (Source: Zander Ency) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Human food: nut

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New Jersey, New York (Long Island), Ohio (s.), Pennsylvania (s.), West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Missouri (s.w.), Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (n.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Anagnostakis, S. & B. Hillman. 1992. Evolution of the chestnut tree and its blight. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 52:3-10.
  2. Anagnostakis, S. et al. 2009. Preliminary report on the segregation of resistance in chestnuts to infestation by Oriental chestnut gall wasp. Acta Hort. 815:33-35.
  3. Dane, F. et al. 2003. Intercontinental genetic divergence of Castanea species in eastern Asia and eastern North America. Heredity 91:314-321.
  4. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Castanea+pumila&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Fu, Y. & F. Dane. 2003. Allozyme variation in endangered Castanea pumila var. pumila. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 92:223-230. Note: it mentions that Castanea pumila "has been used as a rootstock for chestnut breeding"
  9. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of Fagales
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  12. Jacobs, D. F. et al. 2013. A conceptual framework for restoration of threatened plants: the effective model of American chestnut (Castanea dentata) reintroduction. New Phytol. 197:378-393. Note: mentions Castanea pumila as a potential source of resistance to pathogens and pests for C. dentata
  13. Johnson, G. P. 1988. Revision of Castanea sect. Balanocastanon (Fagaceae). J. Arnold Arbor. 69:40.
  14. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  15. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  16. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  17. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  20. Shaw, J. et al. 2012. Phylogeny and phylogeography of North American Castanea Mill. (Fagaceae) using cpDNA suggests gene sharing in the Southern Appalachians (Castanea Mill., Fagaceae). Castanea 77:186-211.
  21. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Fagaceae&GenusID=Castanea&SpeciesID=pumila target='_blank'
  22. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Castanea pumila (L.) Mill. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Castanea pumila cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9444. Accessed 15 December 2019.