Taxon: Casuarina equisetifolia L.

 
Genus: Casuarina
Family: Casuarinaceae
Nomen number: 9553
Place of publication: Amoen. acad. 4:143. 1759 "equisefolia" (J. R. Forster & G. Forster, Char. gen. pl. 104, t. 52. 1776)
Comment: see Friis (1980) for citation; Linnaeus's diagnosis, under the name Casuarina litorea, appears on p. 123
Name Verified on: 12-Aug-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 18-Feb-2014
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:86-87. 1997)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:86-87. 1997)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Materials: fiber (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:87. 1997)
  • Materials: wood (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:87. 1997)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: India - Andaman and Nicobar; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Vanuatu

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • : Africa; United States
    • Western Indian Ocean: Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Northern America

    • : Africa; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    • Southwestern Pacific: Nauru; Niue; Samoa; Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Bentham, G. Flora australiensis. 1863-1878 (F AustBenth)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas (Pl Invasion) 255-267.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants (Pl Res SEAs) 11:86.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Friis, I. 1980. The authority and date of publication of the genus Casuarina and its type species (Taxon) 29:500.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1989. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust) 3:104.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Guillaumin, A. Flore analytique et synoptique de la Nouvelle-Caledonie. 1948 (F NCGuill)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Ho, K. Y. et al. 2002. An assessment of DNA polymorphisms and genetic relationships of Casuarina equisetifolia using RAPD markers Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 43:93-98.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. 1971 (F TFla)
  • Nasir, S. M. & M. Athar 1998. Fuelwood as an energy source (Phytologia) 85:106.
  • National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  • Parham, J. W. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed. 1972 (F Fiji)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Casuarina equisetifolia L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image