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Taxon: Cephalanthus occidentalis L.

 
Genus: Cephalanthus
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Cinchonoideae
Tribe: Naucleeae
Nomen number: 9854
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:95. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 37 (34 active, 22 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • Mexico


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Beetle, A. A. 1970. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31
  3. Browne, E. T. & R. Athey. 1992. Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist
  4. Chester, E. W. et al. 1993-1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants.
  5. Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:234.
  6. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  9. Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten. 1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  12. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  14. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  16. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela. 1971. A flora of tropical Florida.
  17. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1977. Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains.
  18. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  19. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  20. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  21. Ridsdale, C. E. 1976. A revision of the tribe Cephalantheae (Rubiaceae). Blumea 23:180.
  22. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  23. Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  24. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  25. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  26. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  27. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Rubiaceae&GenusID=Cephalanthus&SpeciesID=occidentalis target='_blank'
  28. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Cephalanthus occidentalis L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9854. Accessed 14 August 2020.