Taxon: Cephalaria syriaca (L.) Roem. & Schult.

Genus: Cephalaria
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Subfamily: Dipsacoideae
Nomen number: 9864
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 3:45. 1818 (H. A. Schrader, Cat. sem. hort. gott. 1814, nom. inval.)
Link to protologue:
  • • genus not validly published until 1818
  • • authorship verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 07-Jul-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Jan-2005
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • makhobeli  (Source: F USSR) - English
  • céphalaire de Syrie  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • orientalischer Schuppenkopf  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • abrepuños  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • escabiosilla  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: nut (valued in Georgia, but not elsewhere, when contaminating wheat and ground into flour for specially flavored bread fide F USSR; F Palest)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide F Palest; F USSR)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait ; Saudi Arabia
    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus ; Egypt Sinai; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Jordan ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey

  • Naturalized

  • Europe

    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain


  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. 1977-1985 (F Cyprus)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. (SF Egypt)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)
  • Zohary, M. et al. Conspectus florae orientalis. 1980- (L Orient)


Check other web resources for Cephalaria syriaca (L.) Roem. & Schult. :