Taxon: Ceratonia siliqua L.

 
Genus: Ceratonia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Caesalpinieae
Nomen number: 9918
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1026. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 16-Feb-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Food additives: sweetener ()
  • Food additives: thickening agent ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: shade/shelter ()
  • Human food: beverage base (seeds used as a substitute for coffee & chocolate fide Edible HC; Ency CNatIn)
  • Animal food: fodder ()
  • Fuels: charcoal ()
  • Fuels: fuelwood ()
  • Materials: alcohol (carob bean gum for numerous uses fide Batlle & Tous 1997)
  • Materials: gum/resin (carob bean gum for numerous uses fide Batlle & Tous 1997)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Libya (n.e.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Israel, Lebanon, Syria (w.), Turkey

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized (widely natzd.)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Batlle, I. & J. Tous 1997. Carob tree. Ceratonia siliqua L. (Prom Underused Crops) 17:1-92.
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  4. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  10. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  11. Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):134.
  12. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  13. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  14. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  16. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  17. La Malfa, S. et al. 2014. Genetic diversity revealed by EST-SSR markers in carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.) Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 55:205-211.
  18. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn) 123.
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  20. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  21. Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  24. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  25. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  26. National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  27. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  28. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  30. Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  31. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  32. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  33. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  34. Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. (L Spain)
  35. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  36. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  37. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Ceratonia siliqua L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=9918. Accessed 23 April 2018.