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Taxon: Senna obtusifolia (L.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby

 
Genus: Senna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Nomen number: 100044
Place of publication: Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:252. 1982
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 09-Sep-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 5 (4 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Missouri]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Sur, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, [St. Barthelemy] Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, [Guayas, Los Rios, Napo] Peru [Loreto, Madre de Dios, San Martin, Ucayali]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa, Misiones, Salta, Tucuman] Paraguay


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Libya
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Namibia, South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iraq

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Irian Jaya] Papua New Guinea
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Java] Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (s.)]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador [Galapagos Islands]


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  3. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  4. Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  6. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  7. CalFlora Database Project CalFlora: a botanical resource for California on the internet (on-line resource). (CalFlora)
  8. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  9. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  11. Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  13. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  14. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  15. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  16. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  17. International Legume Database & Information Service International Legume Database and Information Service (on-line resource). (ILDIS)
  18. Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby 1982. The American Cassiinae: a synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:252-255.
  19. Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  20. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  21. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. (Leg SAsia)
  22. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  23. Lewis, G. P. Legumes of Bahia. 1987 (Leg Bahia)
  24. Lewis, G. P. & P. E. Owen Legumes of the Ilha de Maraca. 1989 (Leg Maraca)
  25. Lock, J. M. 1988. Cassia sens. lat. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae) in Africa Kew Bull. 43:340.
  26. Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  27. Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  28. Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson Legumes of West Asia: a checklist. 1991 (Leg WAsia)
  29. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  30. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  31. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  32. Randell, B. R. 1988. Revision of the Cassiinae in Australia. 1. Senna Miller sect. Chamaefistula (Colladon) Irwin and Barneby J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 11:45.
  33. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. (F Bajio)
  34. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  35. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  36. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  37. Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. (F S Mid Atl US)
  38. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  39. Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)
  40. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Senna obtusifolia (L.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=100044. Accessed 18 November 2018.