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Taxon: Senna alata (L.) Roxb.

 
Genus: Senna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Nomen number: 100063
Place of publication: Fl. ind. ed. 1832, 2:349. 1832
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 29-Feb-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 18 (4 active, 5 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • candlebush  (Source: F Ceylon) - English
  • candlestick senna  (Source: Baileya) - English
  • Christmas-candle  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • empress-candleplant  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • ringworm senna  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • ringwormbush  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • ringwormshrub  (Source: Mem NYBG) - English
  • seven-golden-candles  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • seven-golden-candlesticks  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • bois dartre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • dartres  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • café-beirão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • fedegoso-gigante  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • fedegoso-grande  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mangerioba-do-Pará  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mangerioba-grande  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mata-pasto  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • bajagua  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • mocoté  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide F Viti; P. Hanelt, pers. comm.; Invasive Pl Spec); ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Gabon, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mayotte

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, India, [Andaman and Nicobar] Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Guam, Micronesia, Palau
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Samoa, Tonga

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  2. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  3. Du Puy, D. J. et al. The Leguminosae of Madagascar (Leg Madag)
  4. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  8. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  9. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  11. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  12. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  13. Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby 1982. The American Cassiinae: a synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:460.
  14. Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  15. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. (Leg SAsia)
  16. Lewis, G. P. Legumes of Bahia. 1987 (Leg Bahia)
  17. Lewis, G. P. & P. E. Owen Legumes of the Ilha de Maraca. 1989 (Leg Maraca)
  18. Lock, J. M. 1988. Cassia sens. lat. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae) in Africa Kew Bull. 43:338.
  19. Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  20. Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  21. Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  22. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  24. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  25. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):445.
  26. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  27. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  28. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  29. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. (F Thailand)
  30. Staples, G. W. & D. R. Herbst 1996. Nomenclatural changes affecting cultivated plants. I. (Baileya) 23:174.
  31. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  32. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  33. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)
  34. Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)
  35. Zhu, X. Y. et al. Legumes of China: a checklist. 2007 (Leg China)

Check other web resources for Senna alata (L.) Roxb. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=100063. Accessed 17 November 2018.