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Taxon: Senna alata (L.) Roxb.

 
Genus: Senna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Nomen number: 100063
Place of publication: Fl. ind. ed. 1832, 2:349. 1832
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 29-Feb-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 18 (4 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • candlebush  (Source: F Ceylon) - English
  • candlestick senna  (Source: Baileya) - English
  • Christmas-candle  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • empress-candleplant  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • ringworm senna  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • ringwormbush  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • ringwormshrub  (Source: Mem NYBG) - English
  • seven-golden-candles  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • seven-golden-candlesticks  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • bois dartre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • dartres  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • café-beirão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • fedegoso-gigante  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • fedegoso-grande  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mangerioba-do-Pará  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mangerioba-grande  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mata-pasto  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • bajagua  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • mocoté  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control; erosion control (fide P. Hanelt, pers. comm.) erosion control; ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mayotte

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, India, [Andaman and Nicobar Islands] Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia, Palau, United States [Guam]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Samoa, Tonga

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98
  2. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  3. Du Puy, D. J. et al. 2002. The Leguminosae of Madagascar
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance Note: = Cassia alata
  6. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds Note: = Cassia alata
  9. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  12. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  13. Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby. 1982. The American Cassiinae: a synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:460.
  14. Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii)
  15. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  16. Lewis, G. P. & P. E. Owen. 1989. Legumes of the Ilha de Maraca
  17. Lewis, G. P. 1987. Legumes of Bahia
  18. Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford. 2004. Legumes of Malesia: a checklist
  19. Lock, J. M. & J. Heald. 1994. Legumes of Indochina: a checklist
  20. Lock, J. M. 1988. Cassia sens. lat. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae) in Africa. Kew Bull. 43:338.
  21. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  22. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  24. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  25. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):445.
  26. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia. Note: = Cassia alata
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  29. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970-. Flora of Thailand. Note: = Cassia alata L.
  30. Staples, G. W. & D. R. Herbst. 1996. Nomenclatural changes affecting cultivated plants. I.. Baileya 23:174.
  31. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: Missouri Botanical Garden & Timber Press
  32. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  33. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
  34. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida
  35. Zhu, X. Y. et al. 2007. Legumes of China: a checklist

Check other web resources for Senna alata (L.) Roxb. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=100063. Accessed 19 February 2020.