Taxon: Senna alata (L.) Roxb.

 
Genus: Senna
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
      Tribe: Cassieae
        Subtribe: Cassiinae
Nomen number: 100063
Place of publication: Fl. ind. ed. 1832, 2:349. 1832
Name Verified on: 29-Feb-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Sep-2002
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 18 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • candlebush  (Source: F Ceylon) - English
  • candlestick senna  (Source: Baileya) - English
  • Christmas-candle  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • empress-candleplant  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • ringworm senna  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • ringwormbush  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • ringwormshrub  (Source: Mem NYBG) - English
  • seven-golden-candles  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • seven-golden-candlesticks  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • bois dartre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • dartres  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • café-beirão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • fedegoso-gigante  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • fedegoso-grande  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mangerioba-do-Pará  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mangerioba-grande  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mata-pasto  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • bajagua  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • mocoté  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide F Viti; P. Hanelt, pers. comm.; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Leg WorldEc)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Viti; Baileya 23:214. 1996; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):445. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Noxweed Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Sierra Leone
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Gabon; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar; Mayotte
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; India - Andaman and Nicobar; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Brunei; Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Micronesia; Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Samoa; Tonga
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: West Indies

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Du Puy, D. J. et al. The Leguminosae of Madagascar. 2002 (Leg Madag)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Irwin, H. S. & R. C. Barneby 1982. The American Cassiinae: a synoptical revision of Leguminosae tribe Cassieae subtribe Cassiinae in the New World Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35:460.
  • Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Lewis, G. P. Legumes of Bahia. 1987 (Leg Bahia)
  • Lewis, G. P. & P. E. Owen Legumes of the Ilha de Maraca. 1989 (Leg Maraca)
  • Lock, J. M. 1988. Cassia sens. lat. (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae) in Africa Kew Bull. 43:338.
  • Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford Legumes of Malesia: a checklist. 2004 (Leg Malesia)
  • Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):445.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. 1970- (F Thailand)
  • Staples, G. W. & D. R. Herbst 1996. Nomenclatural changes affecting cultivated plants. I. (Baileya) 23:174.
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)
  • Zhu, X. Y. et al. Legumes of China: a checklist. 2007 (Leg China)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Senna alata (L.) Roxb. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image