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Taxon: Solanum americanum Mill.

 
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Solanum
Section: Solanum
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 100795
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Solanum no. 5. 1768
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Solanum americanum auct. (= S. ptychanthum Dunal)
Name Verified on: 29-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (2 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • American nightshade  (Source: F Tex) - English
  • black nightshade  (Source: Ann Mo BG) - English
  • glossy nightshade  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • small-flower nightshade  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • American black nightshade   - English (Canada)
  • hierba mora negra  (Source: F Tex) - Spanish
  • amerikansk nattskatta  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide Prom Underused Crops 15:25. 1997)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Ann Mo BG 4:836. 1974)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Florida, Georgia (s.), Louisiana, Mississippi]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, [Saint Kitts] St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, [Saint Vincent] United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Paraguay


    Naturalized (widely natzd. in tropics)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  4. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  5. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 216-217.
  6. D'Arcy, W. G. 1974. Solanum and its close relatives in Florida. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61:834.
  7. Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist.
  8. Edmonds, J. M. & J. A. Chweya. 1997. Black nightshades. Solanum nigrum L. and related species. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 15:22.
  9. Edmonds, J. M. 1972. A synopsis of the taxonomy of Solanum sect. Solanum (Maurella) in South America. Kew Bull. 27:103.
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Solanum+americanum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Freire de Varvalho, L. d'A. 1997. Diversidade taxonômica das Solanáceas no estado do Rio de Janeiro (Brasil) – II - Lycianthes e Solanum. Albertoa 4:284.
  13. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  14. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978-. Flora de Veracruz.
  15. Henderson, R. J. F. 1974. Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae) and related species in Australia. Contr. Queensland Herb. 16:33.
  16. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  17. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  18. Humbert, J.-H., ed. 1936-. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores.
  19. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  20. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  21. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  22. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  23. Missouri Botanical Garden. W³Tropicos (on-line resource).
  24. Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World. Solanaceae IV: advances in biology and utilization 306.
  25. PBI Solanum Project. Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource).
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). URL: http://www.plantnames.unimelb.edu.au/Sorting/Solanum_eggplants.html target='_blank'
  27. Schilling, E. E. et al. 1992. Common names and species identification in black nightshades Solanum sect. Solanum (Solanaceae). Econ. Bot. 46:223-225.
  28. Schilling, E. E. 1981. Systematics of Solanum sect. Solanum (Solanaceae) in North America. Syst. Bot. 6:181. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  29. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  30. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:252.
  31. Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:1-367.
  32. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  34. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/solanaceae/solanum-americanum/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  35. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida
  36. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Solanum americanum Mill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=100795. Accessed 12 November 2019.