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Taxon: Solanum americanum Mill.

 
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Solanum
Section: Solanum
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 100795
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Solanum no. 5. 1768
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Solanum americanum auct. (= S. ptychanthum Dunal)
Name Verified on: 29-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 4 (2 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • American nightshade  (Source: F Tex) - English
  • black nightshade  (Source: Ann Mo BG) - English
  • glossy nightshade  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • small-flower nightshade  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • hierba mora negra  (Source: F Tex) - Spanish
  • amerikansk nattskatta  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide Prom Underused Crops 15:25. 1997)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Ann Mo BG 4:836. 1974)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Florida, Georgia (s.), Louisiana, Mississippi]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, [St. Kitts] St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines [St. Vincent]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Paraguay


    Naturalized (widely natzd. in tropics)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  6. D'Arcy, W. G. 1974. Solanum and its close relatives in Florida Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61:834.
  7. Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist. (L Georgia)
  8. Edmonds, J. M. 1972. A synopsis of the taxonomy of Solanum sect. Solanum (Maurella) in South America Kew Bull. 27:103.
  9. Edmonds, J. M. & J. A. Chweya 1997. Black nightshades. Solanum nigrum L. and related species (Prom Underused Crops) 15:22.
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Freire de Varvalho, L. d'A. 1997. Diversidade taxonômica das Solanáceas no estado do Rio de Janeiro (Brasil) – II - Lycianthes e Solanum (Albertoa) 4:284.
  13. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  14. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. (F Veracruz)
  15. Henderson, R. J. F. 1974. Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae) and related species in Australia Contr. Queensland Herb. 16:33.
  16. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  17. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  18. Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. (F Madag)
  19. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  20. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  21. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  22. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. (F New Mex)
  23. Missouri Botanical Garden W³Tropicos (on-line resource). (TROPICOS)
  24. Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World (Solan IV) 306.
  25. PBI Solanum Project Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource). (Solanaceae Source)
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  27. Schilling, E. E. 1981. Systematics of Solanum sect. Solanum (Solanaceae) in North America Syst. Bot. 6:181.
  28. Schilling, E. E. et al. 1992. Common names and species identification in black nightshades Solanum sect. Solanum (Solanaceae) Econ. Bot. 46:223-225.
  29. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  30. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:252.
  31. Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:1-367.
  32. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  34. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  35. Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)

Check other web resources for Solanum americanum Mill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=100795. Accessed 18 November 2018.