Taxon: Solanum betaceum Cav.

Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Cyphomandra
Section: Pachyphylla
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 100825
Place of publication: Anales Hist. Nat. 1:44. 1799
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 20-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-2010
Species priority site is: Potato Germplasm Introduction Station (NR6)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)


Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide F. Nuez et al. 1993, as Cyphomandra betacea; F Neotrop 63:56. 1994, as Cyphomandra betacea)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of tree-tomato (based on potential crossability with wild Solanum betaceum fide Amer J Bot 78:1689. 1991)

Distributional Range:


    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia [Tarija]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina [Jujuy, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman]


    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia [Cochabamba, La Paz]

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere in tropics)


  1. Acosta-Quezada, P. G. et al. 2012. Genetic diversity and relationships in accessions from different cultivar groups and origins in the tree tomato (Solanum betaceum Cav.) (Euphytica) 187:87-97.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Bohs, L. 1991. Crossing studies in Cyphomandra (Solanaceae) and their systematic and evolutionary significance Amer. J. Bot. 78:1683-1693.
  4. Bohs, L. 1994. Cyphomandra (Solanaceae) Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 63:51.
  5. Bohs, L. 1995. Transfer of Cyphomandra (Solanaceae) and its species to Solanum (Taxon) 44:584.
  6. Bohs, L. 2007. Phylogeny of the Cyphomandra clade of the genus Solanum (Solanaceae) based on ITS sequence data (Taxon) 56:1012-1026.
  7. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  8. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  9. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  10. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  11. Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  12. Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World (Solan IV) 293.
  13. Nuez, F. et al. 1993. Recolección de especies hortícolas en Ecuador Pl. Genet. Resources Newslett. 96:29-33.
  14. PBI Solanum Project Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource). (Solanaceae Source)
  15. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  17. Pringle, G. J. & B. G. Murray 1991. Interspecific hybridisation involving the tamarillo, Cyphomandra betacea (Cav.) Sendt. (Solanaceae) New Zealand J. Crop Hort. Sci. 19:103-111.
  18. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  19. Vietmeyer, N. D., ed. Lost crops of the Incas. (Lost Crops Incas)

Check other web resources for Solanum betaceum Cav. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 21 June 2018.