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Taxon: Solanum carolinense L.

 
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Leptostemonum
Section: Lathyrocarpum
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 100938
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:187. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 30-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • ball nightshade  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • ball-nettle  (Source: Baileya) - English
  • Carolina horse-nettle  (Source: F GPlains) - English
  • horse-nettle  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • horse-nettle   - English (Canada)
  • morelle de Caroline   - French (Canada)

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota (s.e.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida (n.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico (e.), Texas]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Sonora]


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  2. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 217.
  3. D'Arcy, W. G. 1974. Solanum and its close relatives in Florida. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61:839.
  4. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  5. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  6. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Note: with three varieties
  7. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  8. Knapp, S. & C. E. Jarvis. 1990. The typification of the names of New World Solanum species described by Linnaeus. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 104:329.
  9. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  10. Lawrence, G. H. M. 1960. The cultivated species of Solanum. Baileya 8:30.
  11. Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  13. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  14. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World. Solanaceae IV: advances in biology and utilization 318.
  17. PBI Solanum Project. Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource).
  18. Pearson, R. C. 1988. Compendium of grape diseases. The disease compendium series. 51.
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  20. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  21. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  22. Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  23. Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins. 1964. Vegetation and flora of the Sonoran desert.
  24. Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:152. Note: mentions
  25. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Solanaceae&GenusID=Solanum&SpeciesID=carolinense target='_blank'

Check other web resources for Solanum carolinense L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=100938. Accessed 8 December 2019.