Taxon: Solanum carolinense L.

 
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Leptostemonum
Section: Lathyrocarpum
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 100938
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:187. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 30-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Potato Germplasm Introduction Station (NR6)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • ball nightshade  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • ball-nettle  (Source: Baileya) - English
  • Carolina horse-nettle  (Source: F GPlains) - English
  • horse-nettle  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide F GPlains; J Adel BG 4:152. 1981)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota (s.e.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida (n.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Solanaceae&GenusID=Solanum&SpeciesID=carolinense), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico (e.), Texas]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Sonora]


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  2. D'Arcy, W. G. 1974. Solanum and its close relatives in Florida Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61:839.
  3. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  4. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  5. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  6. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  7. Knapp, S. & C. E. Jarvis 1990. The typification of the names of New World Solanum species described by Linnaeus Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 104:329.
  8. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  9. Lawrence, G. H. M. 1960. The cultivated species of Solanum (Baileya) 8:30.
  10. Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  12. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. (F New Mex)
  13. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  14. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  15. Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World (Solan IV) 318.
  16. PBI Solanum Project Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource). (Solanaceae Source)
  17. Pearson, R. C. 1988. Compendium of grape diseases (Diseas Comp) 51.
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  19. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  20. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  21. Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  22. Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins Vegetation and flora of the Sonoran desert. (F SonorDes)
  23. Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:152.

Check other web resources for Solanum carolinense L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=100938. Accessed 24 May 2018.