Taxon: Solanum quitoense Lam.

Genus: Solanum
  Subgenus: Leptostemonum
    Section: Lasiocarpa
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
      Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 101253
Place of publication: Tabl. encycl. 2:16. 1794
Name Verified on: 13-Nov-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Feb-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 30 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: beverage base (fide Gentes Herb 12:108. 1981)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Gentes Herb 12:108. 1981)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of naranjilla (based on evidence of genetic flow between different morphotypes fide Rev Fac Nac Agr Med 63:5471. 2010)

Distributional Range:


  • Southern America

    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador

  • Naturalized:

  • Southern America

    • Central America: Costa Rica; Panama
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador

  • Cultivated:

  • Southern America

    • Central America: Costa Rica; Guatemala; Panama
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bedoya-Reina, O. C. & L. S. Barrero 2010. Preliminary assessment of COSII gene diversity in lulo and a relative species: Initial identification of genes potentially associated with domestication (Gene) 458:27-36.
  • Bernal, R., S. R. Gradstein & M. Celis Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. 2015 (L Colombia online)
  • Bernardello, L. M. et al. 1994. Karyotypic studies in Solanum section Lasiocarpa (Solanaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 81:95-103.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Clements, C. et al. 2016. Graft is good: the economic and environmental benefits of grafted naranjilla in the Andean region Renew. Agric. Food Systems doi:10.1017/S174217051600020X
  • Correll, D. S. 1962. The potato and its wild relatives. Contr. Texas Res. Found., Bot. Stud. 4:1-606. 1962 (Potato WR) 36.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Fory Sánchez, P. A. et al. 2010. Genetic variability of the Colombian collection of lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam.) and related species of section Lasiocarpa Revista Fac. Nac. Agron. Medellin 63:5465-5476.
  • Heiser, C. B. 1989. Artificial hybrids in Solanum sect. Lasiocarpa Syst. Bot. 14:3-6.
  • Heiser, C. B., Jr. 1971. Notes on some species of Solanum (sect. Leptostemonum) in Latin America (Baileya) 18:63.
  • Heiser, C. B., Jr. 1985. Ethnobotany of the naranjilla (Solanum quitoense) and its relatives Econ. Bot. 39:4-11.
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  • Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Medina C., C. I. et al. 2009. Revisión del estado del conocimiento sobre la función productiva del lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam.) en Colombia Corpoica cienc. tecnol. agropecu. 10:167-179.
  • Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World (Solan IV) 330.
  • Nuez, F. et al. 1993. Recolección de especies hortícolas en Ecuador Pl. Genet. Resources Newslett. 96:29-33.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:1-367.
  • Villachica, H. 1996. Frutales y hortalizas promisorios de la amazonia (CoopAmaz) 44:203-207.
  • Whalen, M. D. et al. 1981. Taxonomy of Solanum section Lasiocarpa (Gentes Herbarum) 12:106.

Check other web resources for Solanum quitoense Lam. :


  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image