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Taxon: Solanum quitoense Lam.

Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Leptostemonum
Section: Lasiocarpa
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 101253
Place of publication: Tabl. encycl. 2:16. 1794
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Nov-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 30 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: beverage base (fide Gentes Herb 12:108. 1981) fruit (fide Gentes Herb 12:108. 1981) fruit (fide Gentes Herb 12:108. 1981)

Distributional Range:


    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia (cult.?), Ecuador (cult.?)


    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Panama
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bedoya-Reina, O. C. & L. S. Barrero. 2010. Preliminary assessment of COSII gene diversity in lulo and a relative species: Initial identification of genes potentially associated with domestication. Gene 458:27-36.
  3. Bernal, R., S. R. Gradstein & M. Celis. 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.
  4. Bernardello, L. M. et al. 1994. Karyotypic studies in Solanum section Lasiocarpa (Solanaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 81:95-103. Note: 2n=24, with karyotype formula: 10m + 2m, with one pair of metacentric chromosome carrying a satellite
  5. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45 Note: cultivated
  6. Correll, D. S. 1962. The potato and its wild relatives. Contr. Texas Res. Found., Bot. Stud. 4:1-606. 36.
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  8. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Solanum+quitoense&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Fory Sánchez, P. A. et al. 2010. Genetic variability of the Colombian collection of lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam.) and related species of section Lasiocarpa. Revista Fac. Nac. Agron. Medellin 63:5465-5476.
  11. Heiser, C. B., Jr. 1971. Notes on some species of Solanum (sect. Leptostemonum) in Latin America. Baileya 18:63.
  12. Heiser, C. B., Jr. 1985. Ethnobotany of the naranjilla (Solanum quitoense) and its relatives. Econ. Bot. 39:4-11.
  13. Heiser, C. B. 1989. Artificial hybrids in Solanum sect. Lasiocarpa. Syst. Bot. 14:3-6. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  14. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  15. Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  16. Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  18. Medina C., C. I. et al. 2009. Revisión del estado del conocimiento sobre la función productiva del lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam.) en Colombia. Corpoica cienc. tecnol. agropecu. 10:167-179.
  19. Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World. Solanaceae IV: advances in biology and utilization 330.
  20. Nuez, F. et al. 1993. Recolección de especies hortícolas en Ecuador. Pl. Genet. Resources Newslett. 96:29-33.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  24. Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:1-367.
  25. Villachica, H. 1996. Frutales y hortalizas promisorios de la amazonia. Tratado de Cooperacion Amazonica. 44:203-207.
  26. Whalen, M. D. et al. 1981. Taxonomy of Solanum section Lasiocarpa. Gentes Herbarum 12:106.

Check other web resources for Solanum quitoense Lam. :

  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=101253. Accessed 19 February 2020.