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Taxon: Solanum melongena L.

 
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Leptostemonum
Section: Melongena
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 101312
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:186. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358205
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Dec-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Aug-2018
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 1205 (767 active, 793 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable; vegetable
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized (sometimes natzd.)

    Other (probable independent origins in s. & e. Asia)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Aubriot, X. et al. 2018. Shedding new light on the origin and spread of the brinjal eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) and its wild relatives Amer. J. Bot. 105:1175-1187.
  5. Batra, L. R. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature. 1995 (Names Batra)
  6. Correll, D. S. 1962. The potato and its wild relatives. Contr. Texas Res. Found., Bot. Stud. 4:1-606. (Potato WR) 35.
  7. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Furini, A. & J. Wunder 2004. Analysis of eggplant (Solanum melongena)-related germplasm: morphological and AFLP data contribute to phylogenetic interpretations and germplasm utilization Theor. Appl. Genet. 108:197-208.
  11. Hepper, F. N. & P.-M. L. Jaeger 1985. The typification of six Linnaean names in Solanum Kew Bull. 40:387-391.
  12. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  14. Knapp, S. et al. 2013. Wild relatives of the eggplant (Solanum melongena L.: Solanaceae): new understanding of species names in a complex group (PloS One) 8(2):e57039[10].
  15. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  16. Lester, R. N. 1986. Taxonomy of scarlet eggplant, Solanum aethiopicum L. Acta Hort. 182:126-127.
  17. Lester, R. N. & S. M. Z. Hasan 1991. Origin and domestication of the Brinjal egg-plant, Solanum melongena, from S. incanum, in Africa and Asia (Solan III) 369-387.
  18. Lester, R. N. & S. M. Z. Hasan 1990. The distinction between Solanum incanum L. and Solanum insanum L. (Solanaceae) (Taxon) 39:521-523.
  19. Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  20. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  22. Meyer, R. S. et al. 2012. Phylogeographic relationships among Asia eggplants and new perspectives on eggplant domestication Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 63:685-701.
  23. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:130.
  24. PBI Solanum Project Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource). (Solanaceae Source)
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  27. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  28. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  29. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:255.
  30. Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:1-367.
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  32. Weese, T. L. & L. Bohs 2010. Eggplant origins: out of Africa, into the Orient (Taxon) 59:49-56.
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Solanum melongena L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=101312. Accessed 17 November 2018.