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Taxon: Solanum melongena L.

 
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Leptostemonum
Section: Melongena
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 101312
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:186. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358205
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Dec-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1205 (767 active, 764 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable; vegetable
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized (sometimes natzd.)

    Other (probable independent origins in s. & e. Asia)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Solanum_melongena_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Aubriot, X. et al. 2018. Shedding new light on the origin and spread of the brinjal eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) and its wild relatives. Amer. J. Bot. 105:1175-1187.
  4. Batra, L. R. 1995. Names of Japanese plants sorted by their Japanese names in Romanized Katakana and scientific nomenclature
  5. Correll, D. S. 1962. The potato and its wild relatives. Contr. Texas Res. Found., Bot. Stud. 4:1-606. 35.
  6. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Solanum+melongena&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Furini, A. & J. Wunder. 2004. Analysis of eggplant (Solanum melongena)-related germplasm: morphological and AFLP data contribute to phylogenetic interpretations and germplasm utilization. Theor. Appl. Genet. 108:197-208.
  10. Hepper, F. N. & P.-M. L. Jaeger. 1985. The typification of six Linnaean names in Solanum. Kew Bull. 40:387-391. Note: typification
  11. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  12. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  13. Knapp, S. et al. 2013. Wild relatives of the eggplant (Solanum melongena L.: Solanaceae): new understanding of species names in a complex group. PLoS One 8(2):e57039[10].
  14. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  15. Lester, R. N. & S. M. Z. Hasan. 1990. The distinction between Solanum incanum L. and Solanum insanum L. (Solanaceae). Taxon 39:521-523.
  16. Lester, R. N. & S. M. Z. Hasan. 1991. Origin and domestication of the Brinjal egg-plant, Solanum melongena, from S. incanum, in Africa and Asia. Solanaceae III: taxonomy, chemistry, evolution 369-387.
  17. Lester, R. N. 1986. Taxonomy of scarlet eggplant, Solanum aethiopicum L.. Acta Hort. 182:126-127.
  18. Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  19. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  21. Meyer, R. S. et al. 2012. Phylogeographic relationships among Asia eggplants and new perspectives on eggplant domestication. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 63:685-701.
  22. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:130.
  23. PBI Solanum Project. Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource).
  24. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  25. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). URL: http://www.plantnames.unimelb.edu.au/Sorting/Solanum_eggplants.html target='_blank'
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:255.
  29. Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:1-367.
  30. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  31. Weese, T. L. & L. Bohs. 2010. Eggplant origins: out of Africa, into the Orient. Taxon 59:49-56.
  32. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  33. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Solanum melongena L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=101312. Accessed 22 August 2019.