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Taxon: Allium chinense G. Don

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Cepa
Section: Sacculiferum
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 101417
Place of publication: Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6:83. 1827 ("1832")
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 03-Jun-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (bulbs used mostly as pickles)
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina
    • MALESIA: Indonesia

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:13.
  3. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  4. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Allium+chinense&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  6. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  7. Keller, E. R. J. et al. 1996. Interspecific crosses of onion with distant Allium species and characterization of the presumed hybrids by means of flow cytometry, karyotype analysis and genomic in situ hybridization. Theor. Appl. Genet. 92:417.
  8. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  9. Mann, L. K. & W. T. Stearn. 1960. Rakkyo or Ch'iao T'ou (Allium chinense G. Don, syn. A. bakeri Regel) a little known vegetable crop. Econ. Bot. 14:69-83.
  10. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  11. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:76
  12. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  13. Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Realizing value of genetic resources of Allium in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:985-994. Note: mentions that flowers are used for flavoring
  14. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  15. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  16. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  17. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:71-73.
  18. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  19. Yanagino, T. et al. 2003. Production and characterization of an interspecific hybrid between leek and garlic. Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:4.

Check other web resources for Allium chinense G. Don :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=101417. Accessed 19 September 2019.