Taxon: Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.

Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Leptostemonum
Section: Leprophora
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 101507
Place of publication: Icon. 3:22, t. 243. 1795
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 30-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock fide Kingsbury)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; J Adel BG 4:54. 1981; Solan Biol Syst 48. 1986; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:



  • Northern America

    • Mexico
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Arkansas, Louisiana
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Paraguay ; Uruguay

  • Naturalized


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • D'Arcy, W. G. 1974. Solanum and its close relatives in Florida Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61:847.
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. (F Veracruz)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Henderson, M. et al. Declared weeds and alien invader plants in South Africa. Botanical Research Institute, bulletin 413. 1987 (Weeds SAfr)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. (F New Mex)
  • Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World (Solan IV) 319.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • PBI Solanum Project Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource). (Solanaceae Source)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins Vegetation and flora of the Sonoran desert. (F SonorDes)
  • Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:1-367.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Wiggins, I. L. Flora of Baja California. (F Baja)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image