Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Solanum triflorum Nutt.

 
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Solanum
Section: Solanum
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 101526
Place of publication: Gen. N. Amer. pl. 1:128. 1818
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 11-Mar-2020 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 6 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • cut-leaf nightshade  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • small nightshade  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • three-flower nightshade  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • wild tomato  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • morelle à trois fleurs  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • dreiblütiger Nachtschatten  (Source: Zander ed17) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (a principal weed in Australia)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Massachusetts, Michigan, Ohio]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota (w.), Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Illinois, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina [Córdoba, Mendoza, Buenos Aires, Chubut, La Pampa, La Rioja, Neuquén, Río Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Tucumán]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco, Tunisia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Germany, Netherlands
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France


    Other (possibly not native in North America)

References:

  1. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  2. Child, A. 1984. Taxonomic studies in Solanum L. 2. Two new infrageneric taxa for the subgenus Solanum. Feddes Repert. 95:144.
  3. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  4. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  5. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 218-219.
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  7. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  8. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  9. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  10. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2.
  11. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  12. Knapp, S. et al. 2019. A revision of the morelloid clade of Solanum L.(Solanaceae) in North and Central America and the Caribbean. PhytoKeys 123:116-121.
  13. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  14. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  15. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  16. Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World. Solanaceae IV: advances in biology and utilization 308.
  17. PBI Solanum Project. Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource).
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  20. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  21. Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:1-367.
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  23. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Mem. 9.

Check other web resources for Solanum triflorum Nutt. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=101526. Accessed 15 August 2020.