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Taxon: Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell.

 
Genus: Amaranthus
Subgenus: Amaranthus
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 101534
Place of publication: Fl. adv. Montpellier 203. 1912 Jan (Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 38(sér. 4, vol. 8):679. 1912; P. F. A. Ascherson & K. O. R. P. P. Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5(1):265. 1914)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 26-May-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 45 (44 active, 41 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (used like spinach fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Nuevo León, Sonora]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Morelos, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: New Guinea
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Lesser Sunda Islands]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Maharashtra] Sri Lanka
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Jawa]

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji


References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  3. Chan, K. F. & M. Sun. 1997. Genetic diversity and relationships detected by isozyme and RAPD analysis of crop and wild species of Amaranthus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 95:865-873. Note: four accessions represented Amaranthus dubius, a vegetable crop clustered based on isozyme and RAPD data within the same group as grain amaranths and A, hybridus
  4. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  5. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  6. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Amaranthus+dubius&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986-. Flora of the Guianas.
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  11. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  12. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  13. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: 1936-1971; new ser. 1980-
  14. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  15. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  18. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  19. Sauer, J. D. 1967. The grain amaranths and their relatives: a revised taxonomic and geographic survey. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 54:122-126.
  20. Singh, N. P. et al., eds. 2001-2002. Flora of Maharashtra state.
  21. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  22. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  23. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  24. Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:559-902.
  25. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) A:34. Note: mentions
  26. Wiggins, I. L. & D. M. Porter. 1971. Flora of the Galapagos islands.
  27. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=101534. Accessed 23 August 2019.