Taxon: Chenopodium album L.

Genus: Chenopodium
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Subfamily: Chenopodioideae
Tribe: Chenopodieae
Nomen number: 10178
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:219. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 11-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Mar-2004
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 25 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide E. J. Ryder, 1999)
  • Human food: pseudocereal (fide CultTropS)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:



  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Madeira Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan ; Georgia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Jordan ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Germany ; Hungary ; Luxembourg ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique ; Zambia ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana ; Namibia ; South Africa ; Swaziland
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Korea
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Nepal ; Pakistan ; Sri Lanka
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • Mexico
    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nunavut, Saskatchewan
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam
    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Central America: Costa Rica
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Paraguay ; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Colombia ; Ecuador ; Peru

  • Cultivated


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Australian Systematic Botany Society Flora of central Australia. (F CAust)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  • Beauge, A. 1974. Chenopodium album et especes affines: etude historique et statistique 447 pp.
  • Black, J. M. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2. (F SAustBlack)
  • Bond, P. & P. Goldblatt Plants of the Cape Flora, J. S. African Bot. suppl. vol. 13. (L Cape)
  • Boulos, L. & M. N. El-Hadidi The weeds of Egypt. (Weeds Egypt)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Burbidge, N. T. & M. Gray Flora of the Australian Capital Territory. (F AustCapT)
  • Burger, W. C., ed. Flora costaricensis. (F CostaR)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Correa, M. N. Flora patagonica. (F Patag)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist. (L Georgia)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • George, A. S., ed. 1984. Flora of Australia. (F Aust) 4:138.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Guillarmod, A. J. Flora of Lesotho. (F Lesotho)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  • Harrington, H. Manual of the plants of Colorado. (F Colo)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Development Consortium Invasive species compendium (on-line resource). (Invasive Spec Comp)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen 1960. Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur) 3:648.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles Arizona flora, ed. 2. (F Ariz)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lems, K. Floristic botany of the Canary islands. (L Canary)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Munz, P. A. A flora of southern California. (F SCalif)
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  • Navas-Bustamante, L. E. Flora de la cuenca de Santiago de Chile. (F Santiago)
  • Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. (Ill L Qatar)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  • Rahiminejad, M. R. & R. J. Gornall 2004. Flavonoid evidence for allopolyploidy in the Chenopodium album aggregate (Amaranthaceae) Pl. Syst. Evol. 246:77-87.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Ryder, E. J. 1999. Lettuce, endive and chicory Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 9:134.
  • St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. (SF Egypt)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Welsh, S. L. & G. Moore Utah Plants. 1973 (Utah Pl)
  • Willis, J. H. A handbook to plants in Victoria. (F VictWillis)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Chenopodium album L. :


  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image