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Taxon: Chenopodium album L.

 
Genus: Chenopodium
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Subfamily: Chenopodioideae
Tribe: Chenopodieae
Nomen number: 10178
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:219. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358238
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 45 (37 active, 19 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • fat-hen  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • giant fat-hen  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • lamb's-quarters  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • white goosefoot  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • rukab al-gamal  (Source: Weeds Egypt) - Arabic
  • shawlah  (Source: Ill L Qatar) - Arabic
  • weraq  (Source: Ill L Qatar) - Arabic
  • lamb’s-quarters   (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • ansérine blanche  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chénopode blanc  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • weißer Gänsefuß  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • iwa-akaza  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • yamā-akaza  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • anserina-branca  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • ançarinha-branca  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • erva-formigueira-branca  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • falsa-erva-de-Santa-Maria  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • armuelle  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • cenizo blanco  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • svinmålla  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • li  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases
  • Human food:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Madeira Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia, Nunavut]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: United States [Guam]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

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Check other web resources for Chenopodium album L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10178. Accessed 22 November 2019.