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Taxon: Chenopodium quinoa Willd.

Genus: Chenopodium
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Subfamily: Chenopodioideae
Tribe: Chenopodieae
Nomen number: 10194
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1(2):1301. 1798
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/630618
Name Verified on: 15-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 246 (166 active, 144 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: pseudocereal (used for human consumption cooked after treatment for reducing saponins)

Distributional Range:


    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Córdoba] Chile


    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia (w.), Colombia, [Nariño] Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (n.w.), Chile


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Beauge, A. 1974. Chenopodium album et especes affines: etude historique et statistique. 73-157.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  5. de la Cruz Torres, E. et al. 2013. The genus Chenopodium: A potential food source. Biotechnology of neglected and underutilized crops. Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, Germany. 1:3-31.
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Chenopodium+quinoa&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  9. Hegi, G. et al. 1960. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 3:627. Note: ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
  10. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: 1936-1971; new ser. 1980-
  13. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  14. Maughan, P. J. et al. 2007. Chapter 9. Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 3:147-158.
  15. Muñoz Pizarro, C. 1959. Sinopsis de la flora Chilena.
  16. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  17. Rea, J. 1968. Bibliografia sobre quinua y canihua.
  18. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  19. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  20. Risi C., J. & N. W. Galwey. 1989. Chenopodium grains of the Andes: a crop for temperate latitudes. In: G. E. Wickens et al., New crops for food and industry. New crops for food and industry 222-234.
  21. Ryder, E. J. 1999. Lettuce, endive and chicory. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 9:134. Note: mentions
  22. Standley, P. C. 1931. The Nyctaginaceae and Chenopodiaceae of northwestern South America. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 11:120.
  23. Turcios, A. E. et al. 2016. Potential use of the facultative halophyte Chenopodium quinoa Willd. as substrate for biogas production cultivated with different concentrations of sodium chloride under hydroponic conditions. Bioresource Technol. 203:272-279. Note: as "Chenopodium quinoa var. titicaca"
  24. Walsh, B. M. et al. 2015. Chenopodium polyploidy inferences from Salt Overly Sensitive 1 (SOS1) data. Amer. J. Bot. 102:533-543.
  25. Wilson, H. D. 1990. Quinua and relatives (Chenopodium sect. Chenopodium subsect. Cellulata). Econ. Bot. 44(suppl. 3):92-110.

Check other web resources for Chenopodium quinoa Willd. :

  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10194. Accessed 14 August 2020.