Taxon: Cola nitida (Vent.) Schott & Endl.

 
Genus: Cola
Family: Malvaceae
  Subfamily: Sterculioideae
Nomen number: 101986
Place of publication: Melet. bot. 33. 1832
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Mar-1997
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide L Edible Pl; Ency CNatIn; Pl Res SEAs 16:79. 2000)
  • Materials: wood (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:79. 2000)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Pl Res SEAs 16:79. 2000)
  • Social: masticatory (nuts are used in ceremonies; fide Pl Res SEAs 16:79. 2000)
  • Social: religious/secular (nuts are used in ceremonies fide Pl Res SEAs 16:79. 2000)
  • Social: stimulant (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:79. 2000)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Sierra Leone; Togo

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Abbiw, D. K. Useful plants of Ghana. 1990 (Use Pl Ghana)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press. 1989 (Handb Nuts)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Keay, R. W. J. et al. Nigerian trees. 1960-1964 (Nigerian T)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants (Pl Res SEAs) 16:78.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Cola nitida (Vent.) Schott & Endl. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.