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Taxon: Solanum macrocarpon L.

Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Leptostemonum
Section: Melongena
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 102157
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:205. 1771
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42945260
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Dec-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 11 (4 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • African eggplant  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • gboma  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • gboma eggplant  (Source: Acta Hort) - English
  • anghive  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • aubergine africaine  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • aubergine gboma  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - French
  • gboma  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • grosse anghive  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • afrikanische Aubergine  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • beringela-africana  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • berinjela-africana  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • afrikansk äggört  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit; vegetable; vegetable

Distributional Range:


    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Dominican Republic, West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil

    Other (probable origin w. Africa)


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. D'Arcy, W. G., ed. 1986. Solanaceae: biology and systematics 49.
  3. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Solanum+macrocarpon&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  5. Gowda, P. H. R. et al. 1990. Interspecific hybridization between Solanum melongena and Solanum macrocarpon: study of the F1 hybrid plants. Euphytica 48:59-61. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  6. Hepper, F. N. & P.-M. L. Jaeger. 1985. The typification of six Linnaean names in Solanum. Kew Bull. 40:387-391. Note: typification
  7. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  8. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  9. Lester, R. N. 1986. Taxonomy of scarlet eggplant, Solanum aethiopicum L.. Acta Hort. 182:127.
  10. Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 93:157-169.
  11. PBI Solanum Project. Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource).
  12. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). URL: http://www.plantnames.unimelb.edu.au/Sorting/Solanum_eggplants.html target='_blank'
  13. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  14. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:249-252.
  15. Vorontsova, M. et al. 2013. African spiny Solanum (subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae): a thorny phylogenetic tangle. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172:176-193.
  16. Weese, T. L. & L. Bohs. 2010. Eggplant origins: out of Africa, into the Orient. Taxon 59:49-56.
  17. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Solanum macrocarpon L. :

  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=102157. Accessed 3 June 2020.