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Taxon: Linaria vulgaris Mill.

 
Genus: Linaria
Family: Plantaginaceae
Tribe: Antirrhineae
Nomen number: 102290
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Linaria no. 1. 1768 ( (J. Hill, Brit. herb. 109. 1756, nom. inval.)
Link to protologue:
Comment: specific names in the work of Hill are not validly published fide Shenzhen ICN Art. 34.1 & App. VI
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • butter-and-eggs  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • common toadflax  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • toadflax  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • wild snapdragon  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • yellow toadflax  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • yellow toadflax   - English (Canada)
  • linaire vulgaire  (Source: Can J Pl Sci) - French
  • linaire vulgaire   - French (Canada)
  • gulsporre  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • liu chuan yu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • l'nânka obyknovennaâ  (Source: F Baltic) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China [Henan Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain


    Naturalized (natzd. in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  3. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  4. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  5. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 223.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Linaria+vulgaris&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Note: lists as Linaria vulgaris Hill
  12. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  13. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2.
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  15. Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  17. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: lists as Linaria vulgaris Hill
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  19. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  20. Saner, M. A. et al. 1995. The biology of Canadian weeds. 105. Linaria vulgaris Mill.. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 75:525-537.
  21. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  22. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri. Note: lists as Linaria vulgaris Hill
  23. Sutton, D. A. 1988. A revision of the tribe Antirrhineae 272.
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  25. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/yellowtoadflax.shtml target='_blank'
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  27. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Linaria vulgaris Mill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=102290. Accessed 21 November 2019.