Taxon: Saccharum sinense Roxb.

 
Genus: Saccharum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Andropogoneae
        Subtribe: Saccharinae
Nomen number: 103341
Place of publication: Pl. Coromandel 3: t. 232. 1815 ("1819")
Comments:
  • • [or Saccharum Sinense or Pansahi Group
  • • probable hybrid S. officinarum × S. spontaneum]
Name Verified on: 01-Oct-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 70 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • Chinese cane  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • Chinese sugarcane   - English
  • cana-de-açúcar  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • zhong guo zhong   - Transcribed Chinese
  • zhu zhe  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: sugar (fide Pl Res SEAs 9:145. 1996)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of sugarcane (fide Pl Res SEAs 9:145. 1996; Chromosome Res 10:254. 2002, based on introgression with S. officinarum)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Indochina

References:

  • Artschwager, E. 1954. A taxonomic study of Saccharum sinense Roxb. and S. barberi Jeswiet Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1089:1-87.
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Daniels, J. et al. 1991. Sugar Cane 1991(3):11-16.
  • D'Hont, A. et al. 2002. Oligoclonal interspecific origin of "North Indian" and "Chinese" sugarcanes Chromosome Res. 10:253-262.
  • D'Hont, A. et al. 2002. Oligoclonal interspecific origin of "North Indian" and "Chinese" sugarcanes Chromosome Res. 10:253-262.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates (Pl Res SEAs) 9:145.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grassl, C. O. 1968. Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists 871.
  • Grassl, C. O. 1977. The origin of the sugar producing cultivars of Saccharum Sugarcane Breed. Newslett. 39:10.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2 Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu). 1977-1982 (F Chiangsu)
  • Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mukherjee, S. K. 1954. Revision of the genus Saccharum Linn. Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 8:146.
  • Nakayama, S. 2004. Species-specific accumulation of interspersed sequences in genus Saccharum Genes Genet. Systems 79:361-365.
  • Nakayama, S. 2004. Species-specific accumulation of interspersed sequences in genus Saccharum Genes Genet. Systems 79:361-365.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Price, S. 1957. Cytological studies in Saccharum and allied genera. III. Chromosome numbers in interspecific hybrids Bot. Gaz. 118:146-159.
  • Price, S. 1957. Cytological studies in Saccharum and allied genera. III. Chromosome numbers in interspecific hybrids Bot. Gaz. 118:146-159.
  • Takahashi, S. et al. 2005. Very close relationship of the chloroplast genomes among Saccharum species Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1523-1529.
  • Takahashi, S. et al. 2005. Very close relationship of the chloroplast genomes among Saccharum species Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1523-1529.
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:245.
  • Whalen, M. D. 1991. Taxonomy of Saccharum (Poaceae) (Baileya) 23:113.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:555.

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