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Taxon: Saccharum sinense Roxb.

Genus: Saccharum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Saccharinae
Nomen number: 103341
Place of publication: Pl. Coromandel 3: t. 232. 1815 ("1819")
Link to protologue:
  • • [or Saccharum Sinense or Pansahi Group
  • • probable hybrid S. officinarum × S. spontaneum]
Name Verified on: 01-Oct-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 70 (62 active, 29 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • Chinese cane  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • Chinese sugarcane   - English
  • cana-de-açúcar  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • zhong guo zhong   - Transcribed Chinese
  • zhu zhe  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: sugar;

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina


  1. Artschwager, E. 1954. A taxonomic study of Saccharum sinense Roxb. and S. barberi Jeswiet. Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1089:1-87.
  2. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  3. Daniels, J. et al. 1991. Sugar Cane. 1991(3):11-16.
  4. D'Hont, A. et al. 2002. Oligoclonal interspecific origin of "North Indian" and "Chinese" sugarcanes. Chromosome Res. 10:253-262.
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 9:145.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Saccharum+sinense&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Grassl, C. O. 1968. Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists. 871. Note: not a valid species
  9. Grassl, C. O. 1977. The origin of the sugar producing cultivars of Saccharum. Sugarcane Breed. Newslett. 39:10. Note: advocates treatment as Saccharum Sinense Group
  10. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  11. Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2. 1977-1982. Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu).
  12. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  14. Mukherjee, S. K. 1954. Revision of the genus Saccharum Linn.. Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 8:146.
  15. Nakayama, S. 2004. Species-specific accumulation of interspersed sequences in genus Saccharum. Genes Genet. Systems 79:361-365.
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  17. Price, S. 1957. Cytological studies in Saccharum and allied genera. III. Chromosome numbers in interspecific hybrids. Bot. Gaz. 118:146-159.
  18. Takahashi, S. et al. 2005. Very close relationship of the chloroplast genomes among Saccharum species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1523-1529.
  19. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) A:245.
  20. Whalen, M. D. 1991. Taxonomy of Saccharum (Poaceae). Baileya 23:113.
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  22. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:555. Note: cult. & introd.

Check other web resources for Saccharum sinense Roxb. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=103341. Accessed 21 July 2019.