Taxon: Saccharum sinense Roxb.

Genus: Saccharum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Saccharinae
Nomen number: 103341
Place of publication: Pl. Coromandel 3: t. 232. 1815 ("1819")
Link to protologue:
  • • [or Saccharum Sinense or Pansahi Group
  • • probable hybrid S. officinarum × S. spontaneum]
Name Verified on: 01-Oct-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 61 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • Chinese cane  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • Chinese sugarcane   - English
  • cana-de-açúcar  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • zhong guo zhong   - Transcribed Chinese
  • zhu zhe  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: sugar (fide Pl Res SEAs 9:145. 1996)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of sugarcane (fide Pl Res SEAs 9:145. 1996; Chromosome Res 10:254. 2002, based on introgression with S. officinarum)

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina


  1. Artschwager, E. 1954. A taxonomic study of Saccharum sinense Roxb. and S. barberi Jeswiet Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1089:1-87.
  2. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  3. Daniels, J. et al. 1991. Sugar Cane 1991(3):11-16.
  4. D'Hont, A. et al. 2002. Oligoclonal interspecific origin of "North Indian" and "Chinese" sugarcanes Chromosome Res. 10:253-262.
  5. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  6. Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates (Pl Res SEAs) 9:145.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  8. Grassl, C. O. 1968. Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists 871.
  9. Grassl, C. O. 1977. The origin of the sugar producing cultivars of Saccharum Sugarcane Breed. Newslett. 39:10.
  10. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  11. Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2 Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu). (F Chiangsu)
  12. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  14. Mukherjee, S. K. 1954. Revision of the genus Saccharum Linn. Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 8:146.
  15. Nakayama, S. 2004. Species-specific accumulation of interspersed sequences in genus Saccharum Genes Genet. Systems 79:361-365.
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  17. Price, S. 1957. Cytological studies in Saccharum and allied genera. III. Chromosome numbers in interspecific hybrids Bot. Gaz. 118:146-159.
  18. Takahashi, S. et al. 2005. Very close relationship of the chloroplast genomes among Saccharum species Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1523-1529.
  19. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:245.
  20. Whalen, M. D. 1991. Taxonomy of Saccharum (Poaceae) (Baileya) 23:113.
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  22. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:555.

Check other web resources for Saccharum sinense Roxb. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 17 June 2018.