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Taxon: Zea diploperennis H. H. Iltis et al.

Genus: Zea
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Tripsacinae
Nomen number: 103579
Place of publication: Science 203:186. 1979
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 03-Mar-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 14 (13 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • diploperennial teosinte  (Source: Amer J Bot) - English
  • chapule  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • maíz chapule  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • milpilla  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Jalisco (Sierra de Manantlan), Nayarit (probably a different species)]


  1. Amusan, I. O. et al. 2008. Resistance to Striga hermonthica in a maize inbred line derived from Zea diploperennis. New Phytol. 178:157-166.
  2. Benz, B. F. et al. 1990. Ecology and ethnobotany of Zea diploperennis: preliminary investigations. Maydica 35:85-98.
  3. Buckler IV, E. S. & T. P. Holtsford. 1996. Zea systematics: ribosomal ITS evidence. Molec. Biol. Evol. 13:612-622.
  4. Doebley, J. F. & H. H. Iltis. 1980. Taxonomy of Zea (Gramineae). I. A subgeneric classification with key to taxa. Amer. J. Bot. 67:982-993.
  5. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  6. González, G. A. & L. Poggio. 2015. Genomic affinities revealed by GISH suggests intergenomic restructuring between parental genomes of the paleopolyploid genus Zea. Genome 58:1-7.
  7. Iltis, H. H. & J. F. Doebley. 1980. Taxonomy of Zea (Gramineae). II. Subspecific categories in the Zea mays complex and a generic synopsis. Amer. J. Bot. 67:994-1004.
  8. Lamb, J. C. & J. A. Birchler. 2006. Retroelement genome painting: cytological visualization on retroelement expansions in the genera Zea and Tripsacum. Genetics 173:1007-1021.
  9. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  10. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  11. Sánchez González, J. J. et al. 2011. Three new teosintes (Zea spp., Poaceae) from México. Amer. J. Bot. 98:1537-1548. Note: this study mentioned the diploidy of Zea diploperennis (2n=20)
  12. Tiffin, P. & B. S. Gaut. 2001. Sequence diversity in the tetraploid Zea perennis and the closely related diploid Z. diploperennis: Insights from four nuclear loci. Genetics 158:401-412.
  13. Warburton, M. L. et al. 2011. Gene flow among different teosinte taxa and into the domesticated maize gene pool. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 58:1243-1261.
  14. Wei, W. H. et al. 2001. Comparative analyses of disease resistance and nonresistant lines from maize × Zea diploperennis by GISH. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 42:109-114.
  15. Wei, W.-H. et al. 2003. Genomic in situ hybridization analysis for identification of introgressed segments in alloplasmic lines from Zea mays × Zea diploperennis. Hereditas (Beijing) 138:21-26.
  16. Westerbergh, A. & J. F. Doebley. 2004. Quantitative trait loci controlling phenotypes related to the perennial versus annual habit in wild relatives of maize. Theor. Appl. Genet. 109:1544-1553.
  17. Wilkes, G. 2004. Corn, strange and marvelous: but is a definitive origin known?. Corn: origin, history, technology, and production 3-63.
  18. Wursirika, R. et al. 2011. Chapter 11. Zea. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, cereals 457-488.
  19. Yallou, C. G. et al. 2009. Combining ability of maize inbred lines containing genes from Zea diploperennis for resistance to Striga hermonthica (Del.) Benth.. Pl. Breed. (New York) 128:143-148.
  20. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 635. Note: mentions that is cultivated as an ornamental

Check other web resources for Zea diploperennis H. H. Iltis et al. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=103579. Accessed 23 July 2019.