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Taxon: Centaurea nigra L.

 
Genus: Centaurea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Centaureinae
Nomen number: 104128
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:911. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • black knapweed  (Source: State Noxweed Seed) - English
  • common knapweed  (Source: F BritStace) - English
  • lesser knapweed  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Spanish-buttons  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • black knapweed   - English (Canada)
  • centaurée noire  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • centaurée noire   - French (Canada)
  • schwarze Flockenblume  (Source: Zander ed16) - German
  • svartklint  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Belgium, Germany, Netherlands
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia, Italy
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Adventive

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Poland


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Virginia]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Black, J. M. 1943-1957. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2.
  4. Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2.
  5. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 272-273.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  11. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  13. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  14. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  15. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  16. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  17. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. Ochsmann, J. 2001. Knapweeds (Centaurea L. and some related genera) in North America. Welcome to the Centaurea pages URL: http://www.centaurea.net/centaurea-America.htm target='_blank'
  20. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  23. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  24. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  25. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  26. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  27. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  29. Willis, J. H. 1970-1972. A handbook to plants in Victoria.
  30. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Centaurea nigra L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=104128. Accessed 21 November 2019.