Taxon: Medicago sativa L. subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang.

 
Genus: Medicago
Section: Medicago
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 104918
Place of publication: Comp. fl. ital. 160. 1882
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 13-Sep-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Oct-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 458 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • sickle alfalfa  (Source: F Iraq) - English
  • sickle medic  (Source: F Iraq) - English
  • sickle medick  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • yellow alfalfa  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • yellow lucerne  (Source: F Iraq) - English
  • yellow-flower alfalfa  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • luzerne de Suède  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • luzerne jaune  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Sichelklee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Sichelluzerne  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • luzerna-de-sequeiro  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • alfafa-de-provença  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • alfafa-falciforme  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • alfalfa amarilla  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • alfalfa sueca  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • gul-lusern  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ye mu xu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (grazing fide Leg WorldEc)
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for alfalfa ()
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for alfalfa ()
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for alfalfa ()
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for alfalfa ()
  • Gene sources: drought resistance for alfalfa ()
  • Gene sources: drought resistance for alfalfa ()
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of alfalfa (fide Alfalfa Status Rep)
  • Gene sources: salt tolerance for alfalfa ()
  • Gene sources: salt tolerance for alfalfa ()
  • Gene sources: waterlogging tolerance for alfalfa ()
  • Gene sources: waterlogging tolerance for alfalfa ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (w. (possibly)), Egypt, Libya (n.), Morocco (e.), Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China (n.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Assam, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh] Nepal, Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (s.)


References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  5. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  7. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  8. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  9. Gunn, C. R. et al. 1978. Classification of Medicago sativa L. using legume characters and flower colors Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1574:15.
  10. Havananda, T. et al. 2011. Complex patterns of autopolyploidy evolution in alfalfa and allies (Medicago sativa; Leguminosae) Amer. J. Bot. 98:1633-1646.
  11. Havananda, T. et al. 2010. Relationships among diploid members of the Medicago sativa (Fabaceae) species complex based on chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA sequences Syst. Bot. 35:140-150.
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  13. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  14. Isely, D. 1983. Classification of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and relatives Iowa State J. Res. 57:215.
  15. Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  16. Ivanov, A. I. Alfalfa [Lyutserna]. In Lenin Acad. Agric. Sciences, D. D. Brezhnev, ed. 1980 (Alfalfa)
  17. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  20. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  21. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  23. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. Legumes of Northern Eurasia. 1996 (Leg NEurasia)

Check other web resources for Medicago sativa L. subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=104918. Accessed 25 April 2018.