Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Medicago sativa L. subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang.

Genus: Medicago
Section: Medicago
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 104918
Place of publication: Comp. fl. ital. 160. 1882
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Sep-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 610 (457 active, 373 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • sickle alfalfa  (Source: F Iraq) - English
  • sickle medic  (Source: F Iraq) - English
  • sickle medick  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • yellow alfalfa  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • yellow lucerne  (Source: F Iraq) - English
  • yellow-flower alfalfa  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • luzerne de Suède  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • luzerne jaune  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Sichelklee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Sichelluzerne  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • luzerna-de-sequeiro  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • alfafa-de-provença  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • alfafa-falciforme  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • alfalfa amarilla  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • alfalfa sueca  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • gul-lusern  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ye mu xu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (grazing)

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (w. (possibly)), Egypt, Libya (n.), Morocco (e.), Tunisia

    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China (n.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Assam, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh] Nepal, Pakistan (n.)

    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (s.)


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: = Medicago falcata L
  4. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance Note: = Medicago falcata L
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Gunn, C. R. et al. 1978. Classification of Medicago sativa L. using legume characters and flower colors. Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1574:15.
  9. Havananda, T. et al. 2010. Relationships among diploid members of the Medicago sativa (Fabaceae) species complex based on chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA sequences. Syst. Bot. 35:140-150. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  10. Havananda, T. et al. 2011. Complex patterns of autopolyploidy evolution in alfalfa and allies (Medicago sativa; Leguminosae). Amer. J. Bot. 98:1633-1646.
  11. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. Note: = Medicago falcata L
  12. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. Note: = Medicago falcata L
  13. Isely, D. 1983. Classification of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and relatives. Iowa State J. Res. 57:215. Note: = Medicago falcata L
  14. Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii)
  15. Ivanov, A. I. 1980. Alfalfa [Lyutserna]. In Lenin Acad. Agric. Sciences, D. D. Brezhnev, ed.
  16. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. Note: = Medicago falcata L
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants Note: = Medicago falcata
  20. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  21. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  22. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia Note: = Medicago falcata L
  23. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Medicago sativa L. subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=104918. Accessed 4 July 2020.