Taxon: Cichorium intybus L.

 
Genus: Cichorium
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Cichoriinae
Nomen number: 10543
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:813. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 21-Jun-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jun-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 169 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: dietary fiber (source of fructan fide Biol Util Comp 2:111. 1996)
  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of endive (based on fertile hybrids in crosses with annual, self-compatible Cichorium endivia fide Pl Sci 172:597. 2007)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Other


    Native

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Cyprus ; Iran ; Iraq ; Jordan ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea ; Ethiopia
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho ; South Africa
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Moldova
    • Northern Europe: Ireland ; Norway
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Arkansas, North Carolina
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States California, Nevada, Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
  • Southern America

    • Northern South America: Venezuela Tachira
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Uruguay

  • Cultivated

  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part European part
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Canada ; United States

  • Adventive

  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: Finland

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Blervacq, A. S. et al. 1995. First divisions of somatic embryogenic cells in Cichorium hybrid "474" (Protoplasma) 186:163?168.
  • Cappelle, C. et al. 2007. Regeneration and molecular characterization of a male sterile interspecific somatic hybrid between Cichorium intybus and C. endivia Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 172:596-603.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
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  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
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  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
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  • Hu, S.-Y. Compositae of China. 1970 (Comp China) 48.
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  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
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Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Cichorium intybus L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image