Taxon: Cichorium intybus L.

 
Genus: Cichorium
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Cichorioideae
      Tribe: Cichorieae
        Subtribe: Cichoriinae
Nomen number: 10543
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:813. 1753
Name Verified on: 21-Jun-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jun-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 202 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: dietary fiber (source of fructan fide Biol Util Comp 2:111. 1996)
  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of endive (based on fertile hybrids in crosses with annual, self-compatible Cichorium endivia fide Pl Sci 172:597. 2007)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, - Jammu and Kashmir, - Madhya Pradesh, - Punjab; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Moldova
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; Norway
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Missouri
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New York, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, - North Carolina
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan
  • Southern America

    • Northern South America: Venezuela - Tachira
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

  • Cultivated:

    • : Canada; United States
  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States

  • Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: Finland

References:

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Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Cichorium intybus L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image