Taxon: Cichorium intybus L.

 
Genus: Cichorium
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Cichorioideae
Tribe: Cichorieae
Subtribe: Cichoriinae
Nomen number: 10543
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:813. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 21-Jun-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jun-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 169 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: dietary fiber (source of fructan fide Biol Util Comp 2:111. 1996)
  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Human food: beverage base ()
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of endive (based on fertile hybrids in crosses with annual, self-compatible Cichorium endivia fide Pl Sci 172:597. 2007)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab] Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated



    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Zaire
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, Norway
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, North Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Nevada, Utah]

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela [Tachira]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

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Check other web resources for Cichorium intybus L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10543. Accessed 21 April 2018.