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Taxon: Frangula alnus Mill.

 
Genus: Frangula
Family: Rhamnaceae
Tribe: Rhamneae
Nomen number: 105534
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Frangula no. 1. 1768
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 30-Oct-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 5 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • alder buckthorn  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • frangula  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • glossy buckthorn  (Source: Pl Invasion) - English
  • alder buckthorn   - English (Canada)
  • nerprun bourdaine   - French (Canada)
  • brakved  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental
  • Fuels:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Iraq (n.), Syria (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (n.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Manitoba]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Kentucky, Tennessee]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  3. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 171.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Frangula+alnus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  14. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  15. Kellermann, J. 2011. Review of Rhamnaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm. Note: = Rhamnus frangula L.
  16. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  18. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  19. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  24. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  25. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  26. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Rhamnus frangula L.

Check other web resources for Frangula alnus Mill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=105534. Accessed 8 December 2019.