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Taxon: Citrus ×aurantium L.

 
Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10684
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:782. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: [C. reticulata × C. maxima]
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 13-Nov-2017 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Nov-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 167 (51 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Human food: fruit (peel for marmelades fide CultTropS)
  • Materials: lipids (source of neroli oil & petitgrain)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics & subtropics)

    Other (probable multiple hybrid origin China & elsewhere)

References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  2. Bayer, R. J. et al. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences Amer. J. Bot. 96:668-685.
  3. Bhusal, R. C. et al. 2002. Selection of rootstocks for flooding and drought tolerance in citrus species Pakistan J. Biol. Sci. 5:509-512.
  4. Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  5. Carbonell-Caballero, J. et al. 2015. A phylogenetic analysis of 34 chloroplast genomes elucidates the relationships between wild and domesticated species within the genus Citrus Molec. Biol. Evol. 32:2015-2035.
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  7. Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  8. Conrad, L. R. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  9. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  10. Curk, F. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic origin of limes and lemons revealed by cytoplasmic and nuclear markers Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 117: 565–583.
  11. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  12. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  13. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  14. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  16. Forest Experimental Station, Korea Illustrated woody plants of Korea. (WPl Korea)
  17. Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  18. Ghorbel, R. et al. 2000. High efficiency genetic transformation of sour orange (Citrus aurantium) and production of transgenic trees containing the coat protein gene of citrus tristeza virus Tree Physiol. 20:1183-1189.
  19. Gmitter, F. G. et al. 2009. Citrus breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 105-134.
  20. Gmitter, F. G. et al. 2007. Citrus fruits (Genome Map Mol Breed) 14:265-279.
  21. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  22. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  23. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  24. Jena, S. N. et al. 2009. Molecular phylogeny in Indian Citrus L. (Rutaceae) inferred through PCR-RFLP and trnL-trnF sequence data of chloroplast DNA Sci. Hort. 119:403-416.
  25. Krueger, R. R. & M. L. Roose 2003. Use of molecular markers in the management of Citrus germplasm resources J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 128:827-837.
  26. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  27. Li, X. et al. 2010. The origin of cultivated Citrus as inferred from Internal Transcribed Spacer and chloroplast DNA sequence and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprints J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135:341-350.
  28. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  29. Lombardo, G. et al. 2012. Genetic analysis of Citrus aurantium L. (Rutaceae) cultivars by ISSR molecular markers Pl. Biosyst. 146(supl. 1):19-26.
  30. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. (F TFla)
  31. Luro, F. et al. 2011. Analysis of genetic diversity in Citrus Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 9:218-221.
  32. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Telopea) 7:170.
  33. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  34. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  35. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  36. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:91.
  37. Nicolosi, E. Chapter 3. Origin and taxonomy (Citrus Genet Breed) 19-43.
  38. Nicolosi, E. et al. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1155-1166.
  39. Ollitrault, P. et al. 2012. SNP mining in C. clementina BAC end sequences; transferability in the Citrus genus (Rutaceae), phylogenetic inferences and perspectives for genetic mapping B. M. C. Genomics 13:13.
  40. Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants (Pl Res SEAs) 19:78-82.
  41. Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences (PloS One) 8(4): e62574.
  42. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  43. Polat, I. et al. 2012. Molecular characterization of sour orange (Citrus aurantium) accessions and their relatives using SSR and SRAP markers Genet. Molec. Res. 11:3267-3276.
  44. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  45. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  46. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  47. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  48. Snoussi, H. et al. 2012. Assessment of the genetic diversity of the Tunisian citrus rootstock germplasm B. M. C. Genet. 13:16.
  49. Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. (Bot Citrus)
  50. Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes (Rev Aurant) 9:123.
  51. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  52. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  53. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  54. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  55. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  56. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  57. Wu, G. A. et al. 2014. Sequencing of diverse mandarin, pummelo and orange genomes reveals complex history of admixture during citrus domestication Nat. Biotechnol. 32:656-662.
  58. Yildirim, B. et al. 2010. Fruit yield and quality of Santa Teresa lemon on seven rootstocks in Adana (Turkey) African J. Agric. Res. 5:1077-1081.

Check other web resources for Citrus ×aurantium L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10684. Accessed 14 November 2018.