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Taxon: Citrus ×excelsa Wester

Synonym of Citrus ×aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle

Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10708
Place of publication: Philipp. Agric. Rev. 8:26. 1915
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 24-Jan-2020 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


  1. Carpenter, J. B. & P. C. Reece. 1969. Catalog of genera, species, and subordinate taxa in the orange subfamily Aurantioideae (Rutaceae). Note: fide T. Tanaka, 1966, "Exotic untenable spp."
  2. Curk, F. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic origin of limes and lemons revealed by cytoplasmic and nuclear markers. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 117:565–583.
  3. Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny. Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61. Note: this study examined the origin and maternal phylogeny of cultivated citrus; it included a sample of Citrus excelsa that was resolved among members of the 'Micrantha' mitotype that included species of both subgenera Papeda and Citrus (sensu Swingle)
  4. Grosser, J. W. et al. 2000. Somatic hybridization in Citrus: an effective tool to facilitate variety improvement. In Vitro Cell. Developmental Biol., Plant 36:434-449. Note: this review cites hybrids involving Citrus excelsa for scion improvement
  5. Krueger, R. R. & G. S. Bender. 2015. Screening a core collection of Citrus genetic resources for resistance to Fusarium solani. Acta Hort. 1056:155-163.
  6. Lim, T. K. 2012. Edible medicinal and non-medicinal plants. Six volumes 742. Note: = Citrus × aurantiifolia
  7. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. Note: = Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
  8. Peltier, G. L. 1918. Susceptibility and resistance to citrus-canker of the wild relatives, citrus fruits, and hybrids of the genus Citrus. J. Agric. Res. 14:328. Note: "a citron-like plant recently introduced from the Orient"
  9. Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. Revisio Aurantiacearum. 9:111. Note: Maruzen Co. Ltd, Tokyo.
  10. Uzun, A. et al. 2014. Peroxidase gene-based estimation of genetic relationships and population structure among spp. and their relatives. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 61:1307-1318.
  11. Vidalakis, G. et al. 2004. Efficacy of bioindexing for graft-transmissible citrus pathogens in mixed infections. Pl. Dis. 88:1328-1334. Note: this study examined Citrus excelsa as an indicator for detecting viral diseases

Check other web resources for Citrus ×excelsa Wester :

  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10708. Accessed 22 February 2020.