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Taxon: Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.

 
Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10744
Place of publication: Interpr. Herb. amboin. 296. 1917
Link to protologue:
Comment: Burman's basionym dates from 1755
Name Verified on: 27-Dec-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 386 (120 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:129. 1991)
  • Materials: essential oils

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics & subtropics)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  4. Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  5. Courboulex, M. & H. de Lorrain Les agrumes: oranges, citron, pamplemousses, kumquats. (Les Agrumes)
  6. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812-816.
  9. Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  10. Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  12. Jung, Y.-H. et al. 2005. Investigation of the phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related species in Korea using plastid trnL-trnF sequences Sci. Hort. 104:179-188.
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  14. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae) (Telopea) 7:170.
  15. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  16. Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. (F Philipp)
  17. Nicolosi, E. et al. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1155-1166.
  18. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  20. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  21. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  22. Scora, R. W. & D. H. Nicolson 1986. The correct name for the shaddock, Citrus maxima, not C. grandis (Rutaceae) (Taxon) 35:592.
  23. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  24. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  25. Stover, E. & W. Castle 2002. Citrus rootstock usage, characteristics ,and selection in the Florida Indian River region HortTechnol. 12:143-147.
  26. Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. (Bot Citrus)
  27. Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes (Rev Aurant) 9:117.
  28. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  29. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:128.
  30. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  31. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  32. Wu, G. A. et al. 2014. Sequencing of diverse mandarin, pummelo and orange genomes reveals complex history of admixture during citrus domestication Nat. Biotechnol. 32:656-662.
  33. Xu, Q. et al. 2013. The draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) Nat. Genet. 45:59-68.
  34. Yaacob, O. & S. Subhadrabandhu The production of economic fruits in South-East Asia. 1995 (PrEcFr)

Check other web resources for Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10744. Accessed 13 December 2018.