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Taxon: Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.

 
Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10744
Place of publication: Interpr. Herb. amboin. 296. 1917
Link to protologue:
Comment: Burman's basionym dates from 1755
Name Verified on: 27-Dec-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 386 (118 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:129. 1991)
  • Materials: essential oils

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics & subtropics)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  3. Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  4. Courboulex, M. & H. de Lorrain. 1997. Les agrumes: oranges, citron, pamplemousses, kumquats. Note: re. French common names
  5. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. Note: = Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis. Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812-816.
  8. Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny. Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61. Note: this study examined the origin and maternal phylogeny of cultivated citrus; it included three samples of Citrus maxima; it obtained seven mitotypes, one of which included C. maxima together with C. aurantium, C. bergamia, C. latifolia, C. limetta, C. limon, C. paradisii, C. pseudolimon and C. sinensis
  9. Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  11. Jung, Y.-H. et al. 2005. Investigation of the phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related species in Korea using plastid trnL-trnF sequences. Sci. Hort. 104:179-188. Note: = Citrus grandis
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  13. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7:170.
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  15. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  16. Nicolosi, E. et al. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1155-1166. Note: = Citrus grandis
  17. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  20. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  21. Scora, R. W. & D. H. Nicolson. 1986. The correct name for the shaddock, Citrus maxima, not C. grandis (Rutaceae). Taxon 35:592.
  22. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  23. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  24. Stover, E. & W. Castle. 2002. Citrus rootstock usage, characteristics ,and selection in the Florida Indian River region. HortTechnol. 12:143-147.
  25. Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. Note: = Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck
  26. Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. Revisio Aurantiacearum. 9:117. Note: = Citrus grandis
  27. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq. Note: = Citrus grandis
  28. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:128.
  29. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. Note: = Citrus grandis
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  31. Wu, G. A. et al. 2014. Sequencing of diverse mandarin, pummelo and orange genomes reveals complex history of admixture during citrus domestication. Nat. Biotechnol. 32:656-662.
  32. Xu, Q. et al. 2013. The draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). Nat. Genet. 45:59-68. Note: as Citrus grandis
  33. Yaacob, O. & S. Subhadrabandhu. 1995. The production of economic fruits in South-East Asia Note: = Citrus grandis
  34. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10744. Accessed 18 September 2019.