Taxon: Citrus medica L.

 
Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
  Subfamily: Aurantioideae
      Tribe: Aurantieae
        Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10745
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:782. 1753
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-May-2014
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 147 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:132. 1991)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:133. 1991)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:132. 1991)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of combava (citrus) (fide Pl Genet Res Char Ut 9:219, 220. 2011)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of lemon (citrus) (fide Ann Bot 111:8. 2013)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of lime (citrus) (fide Ann Bot 111:8. 2013)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of rough lemon (citrus) (as paternal parent fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 135:347. 2010)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . possible origin n.e. India and China

    Native:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
  • Europe

    • : Europe

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Bayer, R. J. et al. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences Amer. J. Bot. 96:668-685.
  • Bayer, R. J. et al. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences Amer. J. Bot. 96:668-685.
  • Carbonell-Caballero, J. et al. 2015. A phylogenetic analysis of 34 chloroplast genomes elucidates the relationships between wild and domestic species within the genus Citrus Molec. Biol. Evol. 32:2015-2035.
  • Curk, F. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic origin of limes and lemons revealed by cytoplasmic and nuclear markers Ann. Bot. (Oxford) doi:10.1093/aob/mcw005
  • Curk, F. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic origin of limes and lemons revealed by cytoplasmic and nuclear markers Ann. Bot. (Oxford) doi:10.1093/aob/mcw005
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  • Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  • Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  • Gmitter, F. G. et al. 2007. Citrus fruits (Genome Map Mol Breed) 14:265-279.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Li, X. et al. 2010. The origin of cultivated Citrus as inferred from Internal Transcribed Spacer and chloroplast DNA sequence and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprints J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135:341-350.
  • Li, X. et al. 2010. The origin of cultivated Citrus as inferred from Internal Transcribed Spacer and chloroplast DNA sequence and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprints J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135:341-350.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. 1971 (F TFla)
  • Luro, F. et al. 2011. Analysis of genetic diversity in Citrus Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 9:218-221.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae) (Telopea) 7:169.
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 1983 (F TamilC)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nicolosi, E. et al. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1155-1166.
  • Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences (PloS One) 8(4): e62574.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • Scora, R. W. 1975. On the history and origin of Citrus Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 102:369-375.
  • Soukup, J. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. 1970 (Names Soukup)
  • Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. 1967 (Bot Citrus)
  • Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes (Rev Aurant) 9:113.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:131.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Citrus medica L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.