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Taxon: Citrus myrtifolia Raf.

Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10756
Place of publication: Sylva tellur. 141. 1838
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/404696
Name Verified on: 12-Jan-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Oct-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 9 (4 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

  • myrtle-leaf orange  (Source: Bot Citrus) - English
  • chinois  (Source: Mansf Ency) - French
  • myrtenblättrige Bitterorange  (Source: pers. comm.) - German
  • chinotto  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Italian
  • naranja mirtifolia  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Human food: fruit

Distributional Range:


    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy (only cult.)


  1. Carpenter, J. B. & P. C. Reece Catalog of genera, species, and subordinate taxa in the orange subfamily Aurantioideae (Rutaceae). (Cat Aurant)
  2. Cautela, D. et al. 2008. Estimating bergamot juice adulteration of lemon juice by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of flavanone glycosides J. Agric. Food Chem. 56:5407-5414.
  3. Del Bosco, S. F. 2001. The use for ornamental purposes of an ancient Citrus genotype Acta Hort. 598:65-67.
  4. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  5. Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences (PloS One) 8(4): e62574.
  6. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  7. Recupero, S. et al. 2011. In vitro propagation of hybrid candidate rootstocks for ornamental citrus Acta Hort. 892:301-304.
  8. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  9. Shimizu, T. et al. 2016. Hybrid origins of Citrus varieties inferred from DNA marker analysis of nuclear and organelle genomes (PloS One) 11(11): e0166969.
  10. Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. (Bot Citrus)
  11. Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes (Rev Aurant) 9:124.
  12. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Citrus myrtifolia Raf. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10756. Accessed 19 April 2019.