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Taxon: Citrus ×paradisi Macfad.

 
Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10772
Place of publication: Bot. Misc. 1:304. 1830
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • [or C. aurantium Grapefruit Group]
  • • [C. sinensis × C. maxima]
Name Verified on: 13-Nov-2017 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Jan-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 87 (64 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Human food: fruit
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics & subtropics)

References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  2. Cantuarias-Avilés, T. et al. 2010. Tree performance and fruit yield and quality of 'Okitsu' Satsuma mandarin grafted on 12 rootstocks Sci. Hort. 123:318-322.
  3. Carbonell-Caballero, J. et al. 2015. A phylogenetic analysis of 34 chloropoplast genomes elucidates the relationships between wild and domestic species within the genus Citrus Molec. Biol. Evol. 32:2015-2035.
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  9. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  10. Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812-822.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  13. Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  14. Gmitter, F. G. et al. 2009. Citrus breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 105-134.
  15. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  16. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  17. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  18. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  19. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  20. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn) 286.
  21. Li, X. et al. 2010. The origin of cultivated Citrus as inferred from Internal Transcribed Spacer and chloroplast DNA sequence and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprints J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135:341-350.
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  23. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae) (Telopea) 7:171.
  24. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  25. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  26. Medina-Urrutia, V. et al. 2004. New intergeneric somatic hybrids combining Amblycarpa Mandarin with six trifoliate/trifoliate hybrid selections for lime rootstock improvement (HortScience) 39:355-360.
  27. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  28. Nicolosi, E. et al. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1155-1166.
  29. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  30. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  31. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  32. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  33. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  34. Scora, R. W. et al. 1982. Contribution to the origin of the grapefruit, Citrus paradisi (Rutaceae) Syst. Bot. 7:170-177.
  35. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  36. Soukup, J. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. (Names Soukup) 84.
  37. Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. (Bot Citrus)
  38. Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes (Rev Aurant) 9:118.
  39. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  40. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  41. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:133.
  42. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Citrus ×paradisi Macfad. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10772. Accessed 18 November 2018.