Taxon: Citrus paradisi Macfad.

 
Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
  Subfamily: Aurantioideae
      Tribe: Aurantieae
        Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10772
Place of publication: Bot. Misc. 1:304. 1830
Comments:
  • • [or C. aurantium Grapefruit Group
  • • probably C. sinensis × C. maxima]
Name Verified on: 30-Oct-1990 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 87 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide CultTropS)
  • Human food: fruit (fide CultTropS)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for citrus (based on crosses with Poncirus trifoliata fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 117. 2009)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of tangelo (citrus) (fide Scient Hort 123:318. 2010)
  • Materials: essential oils (used in perfumery fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in tropics & subtropics

References:

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  • Cantuarias-Avilés, T. et al. 2010. Tree performance and fruit yield and quality of 'Okitsu' Satsuma mandarin grafted on 12 rootstocks Sci. Hort. 123:318-322.
  • Carbonell-Caballero, J. et al. 2015. A phylogenetic analysis of 34 chloropoplast genomes elucidates the relationships between wild and domestic species within the genus Citrus Molec. Biol. Evol. 32:2015-2035.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812-822.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  • Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  • Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  • Gmitter, F. G. et al. 2009. Citrus breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 105-134.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn) 286.
  • Li, X. et al. 2010. The origin of cultivated Citrus as inferred from Internal Transcribed Spacer and chloroplast DNA sequence and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprints J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135:341-350.
  • Li, X. et al. 2010. The origin of cultivated Citrus as inferred from Internal Transcribed Spacer and chloroplast DNA sequence and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprints J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135:341-350.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae) (Telopea) 7:171.
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  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Medina-Urrutia, V. et al. 2004. New intergeneric somatic hybrids combining Amblycarpa Mandarin with six trifoliate/trifoliate hybrid selections for lime rootstock improvement (HortScience) 39:355-360.
  • Mills, S. & K. Bone Principles and practice of phytotherapy: modern herbal medicine. 1999 (Prin Phytotherapy)
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  • Nicolosi, E. et al. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1155-1166.
  • Nicolosi, E. et al. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1155-1166.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
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  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Scora, R. W. et al. 1982. Contribution to the origin of the grapefruit, Citrus paradisi (Rutaceae) Syst. Bot. 7:170-177.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Soukup, J. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. 1970 (Names Soukup) 84.
  • Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. 1967 (Bot Citrus)
  • Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes (Rev Aurant) 9:118.
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