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Taxon: Citrus reticulata Blanco

 
Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10778
Place of publication: Fl. Filip. 610. 1837
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 331 (166 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Human food: fruit
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics & subtropics)

    Other (probable origin s.e. Asia)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bañuls, J. & E. Primo-Millo. 1995. Effects of salinity on some Citrus scion-rootsock combinations. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 76:97-102. Note: this study examined the cultivar Cleopatra mandarine attributed to Citrus reticulata (see also Moya et al. 2003 J Experim Bot 54:825 for C. reshni)
  3. Bayer, R. J. et al. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 96:668-685.
  4. Cantuarias-Avilés, T. et al. 2010. Tree performance and fruit yield and quality of 'Okitsu' Satsuma mandarin grafted on 12 rootstocks. Sci. Hort. 123:318-322. Note: this study tested a graft stock cultivar 'Sun ChuSha Kat' of Citrus reticulata, and a hybrid ('Changska mandarin') derived from a cross C. reticulata × Poncirus trifoliata
  5. Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  6. Cornélio, M. T. M. N. et al. 2003. Chromosomal relationships among cultivars of Citrus reticulata Blanco, its hybrids and related species. Pl. Syst. Evol. 240:149-161.
  7. Curk, F. et al. 2016. Phylogenetic origin of limes and lemons revealed by cytoplasmic and nuclear markers. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 117: 565–583.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroforestry.net/tti/Citrus-citrus.pdf target='_blank' Note: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawai'i\; http://www.traditionaltree.org/
  10. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  11. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  12. Fang, D. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships among selected Citrus germplasm accessions revealed by inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 123:612-617.
  13. Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis. Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812-822. Note: this study examined affinities among of 45 species of Citrus; C. reticulata, one of the three "basic" species was represented by one accession; it was resolved apart from the other "basic" species, but probably due to sampling its group had low support
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Citrus+reticulata&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Froelicher, Y. et al. 2008. Characterization of microsatellite markers in mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata Blanco). Molec. Ecol. Resources 8:119-122. Note: Formerly Molecular Ecology Notes
  16. Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny. Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  17. Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  18. Gmitter, F. G. et al. 2007. Citrus fruits. Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 14:265-279.
  19. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  20. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  21. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  22. Li, X. et al. 2010. The origin of cultivated Citrus as inferred from Internal Transcribed Spacer and chloroplast DNA sequence and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprints. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135:341-350.
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  24. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7:171.
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  27. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. Note: = Citrus nobilis Lour.
  28. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  29. Nicolosi, E. et al. 2000. Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 100:1155-1166.
  30. Ollitrault, P. et al. 2012. SNP mining in C. clementina BAC end sequences; transferability in the Citrus genus (Rutaceae), phylogenetic inferences and perspectives for genetic mapping. B. M. C. Genomics 13:13. Note: this study examined the usefulness of SNP markers derived from Citrus clementina for understanding the "origin of some secondary species and important cultivars"; it confirmed the status of C. reticulata as one of the "basic taxa" in the genus, and it showed its role in the origin of most mandarin, clementine, sweet orange cultivars
  31. Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences. PLoS One 8(4): e62574. Note: this study included one cultivar ('Ponkan') accession of Citrus reticulata resolved within the main "mandarin cluster" together with C. nobilis, C. unshiu, C. tangerina and others
  32. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  33. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  34. Rao, N. M. et al. 2011. Chapter 3. Citrus. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, tropical and subtropical fruits 43-60.
  35. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  36. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  37. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  38. Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives.
  39. Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes. Revisio Aurantiacearum. 9:131. Note: Maruzen Co. Ltd, Tokyo.
  40. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq. Note: = Citrus deliciosa Ten.
  41. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  42. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:135.
  43. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.
  44. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  45. Wu, G. A. et al. 2014. Sequencing of diverse mandarin, pummelo and orange genomes reveals complex history of admixture during citrus domestication. Nat. Biotechnol. 32:656-662.
  46. Wu, G. A. et al. 2018. Genomics of the origin and evolution of Citrus. Nature 554:311-316.
  47. Xu, Q. et al. 2013. The draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). Nat. Genet. 45:59-68.
  48. Yaacob, O. & S. Subhadrabandhu. 1995. The production of economic fruits in South-East Asia

Check other web resources for Citrus reticulata Blanco :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10778. Accessed 22 August 2019.