Taxon: Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck

 
Genus: Citrus
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Citrinae
Nomen number: 10782
Place of publication: Reise Ostindien 250. 1765
Link to protologue:
Comment: [or C. aurantium Sweet Orange Group]
Typification:
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-May-2014
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 315 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Bee plants: honey production ()
  • Human food: beverage base ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Human food: oil/fat ()
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for citrus (based on crosses with Poncirus trifoliata)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of grapefruit (citrus) ()
  • Gene sources: progenitor of mandarin cultivars (citrus) ()
  • Gene sources: progenitor of tangor (citrus) (in crosses with Citrus reticulata, but also C. maxima)
  • Materials: essential oils ()
  • Materials: lipids ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics & subtropics)

    Other (probable origin s.e. Asia)

References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  2. Cano, A. & A. Bermejo 2011. Influence of rootstock and cultivar on bioactive compounds in citrus peel J. Sci. Food Agric. 91:1702-1711.
  3. Chen, C. et al. 2008. EST-SSR genetic maps for Citrus sinensis and Poncirus trifoliata Tree Genet. Genomes 4:1-10.
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee 1995. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  6. Courboulex, M. & H. de Lorrain Les agrumes: oranges, citron, pamplemousses, kumquats. (Les Agrumes)
  7. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  11. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  12. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  13. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  14. Federici, C. T. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Citrus (Rutaceae) and related genera as revealed by RFLP and RAPD analysis Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:812-822.
  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  16. Froelicher, Y. et al. 2011. New universal mitochondrial PCR markers reveal new information on maternal citrus phylogeny Tree Genet. Genomes 7:49-61.
  17. Garcia-Lor, A. et al. 2013. A nuclear phylogenetic analysis: SNPs, indels and SSRs deliver new insights into the relationships in the 'true citrus fruit trees' group (Citrinae, Rutaceae) and the origin of cultivated species Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 111:1-19.
  18. Grosser, J. W. et al. 2000. Somatic hybridization in Citrus: an effective tool to facilitate variety improvement In Vitro Cell. Developmental Biol., Plant 36:434-449.
  19. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  20. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  21. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  22. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  23. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  24. Li, X. et al. 2010. The origin of cultivated Citrus as inferred from Internal Transcribed Spacer and chloroplast DNA sequence and Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism fingerprints J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135:341-350.
  25. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  26. Long, R. W. & O. Lakela A flora of tropical Florida. (F TFla)
  27. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae) (Telopea) 7:171.
  28. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  29. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  30. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:91.
  31. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  32. Ortega-Sada, J. L. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos. (F Int Apico)
  33. Pajaujis Anonis, D. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery. (Flower Oils)
  34. Penjor, T. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships of Citrus and its relatives based on matK gene sequences (PloS One) 8(4): e62574.
  35. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  36. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  37. Rao, N. M. et al. 2011. Chapter 3. Citrus (Wild Crop Rel Trp Fr) 43-59.
  38. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  39. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  40. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  41. Scora, R. W. et al. 1982. Contribution to the origin of the grapefruit, Citrus paradisi (Rutaceae) Syst. Bot. 7:170-177.
  42. Staten, S. 2006. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  43. Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. (Bot Citrus)
  44. Tanaka, T. 1954. Species problem in Citrus: a critical study of wild and cultivated units of Citrus, based upon field studies in their native homes (Rev Aurant) 9:124.
  45. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  46. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  47. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  48. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:138.
  49. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  50. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  51. Wu, G. A. et al. 2014. Sequencing of diverse mandarin, pummelo and orange genomes reveals complex history of admixture during citrus domestication Nat. Biotechnol. 32:656-662.
  52. Xu, Q. et al. 2013. The draft genome of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) Nat. Genet. 45:59-66.
  53. Yaacob, O. & S. Subhadrabandhu The production of economic fruits in South-East Asia. 1995 (PrEcFr)

Check other web resources for Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=10782. Accessed 22 April 2018.