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Taxon: Corylus avellana L.

 
Genus: Corylus
Section: Corylus
Subsection: Corylus
Family: Betulaceae
Subfamily: Coryloideae
Nomen number: 11643
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:998. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 10-Aug-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 908 (521 active, 345 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: oil/fat
  • Materials: lipids (for painting) wood
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Bashkortostan, Belgorod, Bryansk, Chuvashia, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Karelia (s.), Kirov (s.), Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Mari-El, Mordvinia, Moscow, Nizhniy Novgorod, Novgorod, Orel, Penza, Perm, Ryazan, Samara, Saratov, Smolensk, Tambov, Tatarstan, Tula, Tver, Udmurtia, Vladimir, Voronezh, Yaroslavl] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, [Corse] Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated



    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • CHINA: China

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain

    Northern America
    • United States


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Corylus_avellana/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Bassil, N. et al. 2013. Nuclear and chloroplast microsatellite markers to assess genetic diversity and evolution of hazelnut species, hybrids and cultivars. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:543-568.
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  5. Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts CRC Press.
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  8. Erdogan, V. & S. A. Mehlenbacher. 2000. Interspecific hybridization in hazelnut (Corylus). J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 125:489-497.
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  12. Falistocco, E. & G. Marconi. 2013. Cytogenetic characterization by in situ hybridization techniques and molecular analysis of 5S rRNA genes of the European hazelnut (Corylus avellana). Genome 56:155-159. Note: 2n=22
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Corylus+avellana&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of Fagales
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  16. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  17. International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  18. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  19. Kasapligil, B. 1972. A bibliography on Corylus (Betulaceae) with annotations. Rep. (Annual) N. Nut Grower's Assoc. 63:155.
  20. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  24. Mehlenbacher, S. A. 1991. Hazelnuts (Corylus). Acta Hort. 290:791-836.
  25. Meyer, F. G. et al. 1994. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States
  26. Molnar, T. J. 2011. Chapter 2. Corylus. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, forest trees 15-48. Note: this review included a list of traits as a guide for setting breeding objectives involving Corylus avellana, and a summary of favorable characteristics and ability for crossing
  27. Palmé, A. E. & G. G. Vendramin. 2002. Chloroplast DNA variation, postglacial recolonization and hybridization in hazel, Corylus avellana. Molec. Ecol. 11:1769-1779. Note: this study recognized Corylus maxima as a distinct species, apart from C. avellana, but sharing the same haplotype (B), and suggesting a hybridization event under cultivation
  28. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  30. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  31. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  32. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts
  33. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  34. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  35. Whitcher, I. N. & J. Wen. 2001. Phylogeny and biogeography of Corylus (Betulaceae): Inferences from ITS sequences. Syst. Bot. 26:283-298. Note: this study recognized Corylus maxima as a distinct species

Check other web resources for Corylus avellana L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=11643. Accessed 20 November 2019.