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Taxon: Corylus colurna L.

Genus: Corylus
Section: Corylus
Subsection: Colurnae
Family: Betulaceae
Subfamily: Coryloideae
Nomen number: 11645
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:999. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/359020
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 10-Aug-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 43 (21 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • Byzantine filbert  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • clusternut  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • Constantinople-nut  (Source: Cornucopia) - English
  • Turkish filbert  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Turkish hazel  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • noisetier de Byzance  (Source: Zander ed16) - French
  • noisetier de Turquie  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Baumhasel  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • türkische Baumhasel  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • türkische Hasel  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • avellano de Turquía  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • turkhassel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • leščina drevovidnaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • medvežnij orech  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control; ornamental
  • Human food: nut

Distributional Range:


    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania (s.w.), Serbia


    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey

    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Germany, Hungary
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Lithuania, Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy [Sicilia]


    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Poland


    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria


  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Corylus_colurna/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Botta, R. et al. 2019. Chapter 6. Hazelnut (Corylus spp.) breeding. Adv. Plant Breed. Strateg. Vol. 4 157-219.
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts CRC Press.
  7. Erdogan, V. & S. A. Mehlenbacher. 2000. Interspecific hybridization in hazelnut (Corylus). J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 125:489-497.
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  12. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America. Note: mentions as one of the commercial cultivated species
  13. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of Fagales
  14. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  15. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  16. Kasapligil, B. 1972. A bibliography on Corylus (Betulaceae) with annotations. Rep. (Annual) N. Nut Grower's Assoc. 63:158.
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  18. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  20. Mehlenbacher, S. A. 1991. Hazelnuts (Corylus). Acta Hort. 290:791-836.
  21. Molnar, T. J. et al. 2005. Developing hazelnuts for the eastern United States. Acta Hort. 686:609-617.
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  24. Srivastava, K. K. et al. 2010. Genetic divergence among Corylus colurna genotypes based on morphological characters of hazelnut. Biodivers. Res. Conservation 17:13-17.
  25. Thompson, M. M. et al. 1996. Hazelnuts. Fruit breeding, 3 vols. 3:125-184. Note: John Wiley & Sons, New York
  26. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.

Check other web resources for Corylus colurna L. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=11645. Accessed 14 August 2020.