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Taxon: Crataegus crus-galli L.

 
Genus: Crataegus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 12089
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:476. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-1998
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 15 (10 active, 16 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Zander13)
  • Human food: fruit

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario (s.e.), Quebec (s.w.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan (s.), New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa (e.), Kansas (e.), Missouri, Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/crat-cru.htm), Wisconsin (s.)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida (n.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas (e. & c.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Flora of the Washington-Baltimore area (DC Flora Checklist) (on-line resource). (L Wash Balt)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Brown, R. G. & M. L. Brown Woody plants of Maryland. 1972 (WPl Mary)
  4. Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. (Atlas Tenn)
  5. Cinovskis, R. E. 1971. Crataegi Baltici 223.
  6. Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:175.
  7. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  8. Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. (F Indiana)
  9. Dickinson, T. A. & J. B. Phipps 1985. Studies in Crataegus L. (Rosaceae: Maloideae). XIII. Degree and pattern of phenotypic variation in Crataegus sect. Crus-galli in Ontario Syst. Bot. 10:322-337.
  10. Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa The vascular plants of Iowa. 1994 (L Iowa)
  11. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  13. Haines, A. & T. F. Vining Flora of Maine: a manual for identification of native and naturalized vascular plants of Maine. (F Maine)
  14. Harmon, P. J. et al. Checklist and atlas of the vascular flora of West Virginia. (Atlas WVa)
  15. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  16. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  17. Jones, R. L. Plant life of Kentucky: an illustrated guide to the vascular flora. (F Kentucky)
  18. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  19. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  21. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  22. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  23. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains. (Atlas GPlains)
  24. Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  25. New York Flora Association New York flora atlas (on-line resource). (Atlas New York)
  26. Phipps, J. B & M. Muniyamma 1980. A taxonomic revision of Crataegus (Rosaceae) in Ontario Canad. J. Bot. 58:1639.
  27. Phipps, J. B. 1988. Typification of Crataegus crus-galli L. (Rosaceae) and nomenclatural notes on some related species of hawthorn Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 96:359-369.
  28. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  29. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  30. Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  31. Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  32. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  33. Townsend, J., ed. South Carolina plant atlas (on-line resource). (Atlas SCarol)
  34. Turner, B. L. et al. Atlas of the vascular plants of Texas. Sida Botanical Miscellany no. 24. 2003 (Atlas Tex)
  35. Virginia Botanical Associates Digital atlas of the Virginia flora (on-line resource). (Atlas Virginia)
  36. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  37. Weakley, A. S. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and surrounding areas. (F Carol Virg Georg)
  38. Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource). (F Wisconsin)
  39. Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. (Atlas Penn)
  40. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

Check other web resources for Crataegus crus-galli L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Crataegus crus-galli cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Pyrene: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Pyrene: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=12089. Accessed 10 December 2018.