Taxon: Achillea millefolium L.

 
Genus: Achillea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Subtribe: Matricariinae
Nomen number: 1270
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:899. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 96 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (bitter fide Ency CNatIn; Biol Util Comp)
  • Environmental: erosion control (fide F CalifJep)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; Biol Util Comp; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Other


    Native

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Faroe Islands ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada Newfoundland, Ontario, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Chiapas, Federal District, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Manitoba, Saskatchewan
  • Southern America

    • Central America: Guatemala ; Honduras

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores, Madeira Islands
    • Southern Africa: Botswana ; South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Nei Monggol, Xinjiang
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East Far East
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Cuba
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Ecuador ; Peru

  • Cultivated

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia New South Wales
  • Europe

    • Europe

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Caligari, P. D. S. & D. J. N. Hind, eds. Compositae: biology and utilization. 1996 (Comp Biol Util)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
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  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
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  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
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Check other web resources for Achillea millefolium L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image