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Taxon: Cynara cardunculus L.

Genus: Cynara
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 12839
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:827. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: [cultivated forms include C. cardunculus Cardoon and Scolymus Groups]
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 05-Jan-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 20 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: vegetable (leaves and receptacle of inflorescence)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: source of cynarin
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Invasive Pl Spec) potential seed contaminant (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canarias]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Libya (n.w.), Morocco (n.), Tunisia

    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s. & Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Southern America


    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Turkey

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    • Europe

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Guanajuato, Michoacán de Ocampo, Querétaro]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


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Check other web resources for Cynara cardunculus L. :


  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=12839. Accessed 12 July 2020.