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Taxon: Cynara cardunculus L.

 
Genus: Cynara
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 12839
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:827. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: [cultivated forms include C. cardunculus Cardoon and Scolymus Groups]
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 05-Jan-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 20 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: vegetable (leaves and receptacle of inflorescence fide Bot J Linn Soc 109:116. 1992; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Libya (n.w.), Morocco (n.), Tunisia

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s. & Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated



    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Peru


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Turkey

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Guanajuato, Michoacan, Queretaro]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  4. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  5. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  6. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  7. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Gominho, J. et al. 2001. Cynara cardunculus L. - a new fibre crop for pulp and paper production Industr. Crops Prod. 13:1-10.
  10. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  11. Hu, S.-Y. Compositae of China. (Comp China) 340.
  12. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  13. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  14. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  15. Jessop, J. P. & H. R. Toelken, eds. Flora of South Australia, ed. 4. (F SAust)
  16. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  18. Lanteri, S. & E. Portis 2008. Globe artichoke and cardoon (Handb Pl Breed Veg) 1:49-74.
  19. Lanteri, S. et al. 2012. Morphology and SSR fingerprinting of newly developed Cynara cardunculus genotypes exploitable as ornamentals (Euphytica) 184:311-321.
  20. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  23. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  24. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  25. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  26. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  27. Pignone, D. & G. Sonnante 2004. Wild artichokes of south Italy: did the story begin here? Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 51:577-580.
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  29. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  30. Robba, L. et al. 2005. The monophyly and evolution of Cynara L. (Asteraceae) sensu lato: evidence from the Internal Transcribed Spacer region of nrDNA Pl. Syst. Evol. 253:53-64.
  31. Rottenberg, A. & D. Zohary 1996. The wild ancestry of the cultivated artichoke Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 43:53-58.
  32. Rottenberg, A. et al. 1996. Isozyme relationships between cultivated artichoke and the wild relatives Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 43:59-62.
  33. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. (F Bajio)
  34. Sonnante, G. et al. 2007. The domestication of artichoke and cardoon: from Roman times to the genomic age Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 100:1095-1100.
  35. Sonnante, G. et al. 2007. On the origin of artichoke and cardoon from the Cynara gene pool as revealed by rDNA sequence variation Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:483-495.
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1976. Flora europaea. (F Eur) 4:248.
  37. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  38. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  39. Wiklund, A. 1992. The genus Cynara L. (Asteraceae: Cardueae) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 109:113.
  40. Willis, J. H. A handbook to plants in Victoria. (F VictWillis)
  41. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Cynara cardunculus L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=12839. Accessed 13 November 2018.