Taxon: Cynara scolymus L.

Synonym of Cynara cardunculus subsp. cardunculus

 
Genus: Cynara
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Carduoideae
      Tribe: Cardueae
        Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 12842
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:827. 1753
Comment: = C. cardunculus Scolymus Group
Name Verified on: 05-Jan-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Jan-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

References:

  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Funk, V. A. et al., eds. Systematics, evolution, and biogeography of Compositae. 2009 (Syst Evol Biog Comp) 50.
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hammer, K. & T. Gladis 2014. Notes on infraspecific nomenclature and classifications of cultivated plants in Compositae, Cruciferae, Cucurbitaceae, Gramineae (with a remark on Triticum dicoccon Schrank) and Leguminosae Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 61:1455-1467.
  • Hu, S.-Y. Compositae of China. 1970 (Comp China) 340.
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. 1959 (F CalifMunz)
  • Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiklund, A. 1992. The genus Cynara L. (Asteraceae: Cardueae) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 109:113.

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