Taxon: Cynoglossum officinale L.

 
Genus: Cynoglossum
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Cynoglossoideae
Tribe: Cynoglosseae
Subtribe: Cynoglossinae
Nomen number: 12866
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:134. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Dict Econ Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Pulmonaria 94.)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Turkey (w. & n.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia (s.w.)] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (s.e.), Kyrgyzstan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Europe
    • Europe


    Naturalized

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Norway

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Angely, J. A. Flora analítica e fitográfica do Estado de São Paulo. (F Anal Sao Paulo)
  3. Bennett, M. Pulmonarias and the Borage family. 2003 (Pulmonaria) 98.
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  6. De Clerck-Floate, R. 1997. Cattle as dispersers of hound's-tongue on rangeland in southeastern British Columbia J. Range Managem. 50:239-243.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  14. Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  17. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  18. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  19. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  20. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  21. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  22. Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  23. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  25. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  26. USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)

Check other web resources for Cynoglossum officinale L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=12866. Accessed 21 May 2018.