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Taxon: Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link

 
Genus: Cytisus
Section: Spartopsis
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Genisteae
Nomen number: 13019
Place of publication: Enum. hort. berol. alt. 2:241. 1822
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7814947
Name Verified on: 22-Apr-2015 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 41 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control; ornamental
  • Medicines: source of sparteine; source of sparteine
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals; mammals; mammals (Everist, as Sarothamnus scoparius)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova (n.), Ukraine (w.)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores, Madeira Islands]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Auvray, G. & V. Malecot. 2013. A revision of Cytisus sections Alburnoides, Spartopsis and Verzinum (Genisteae, Fabaceae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 70:91-101.
  3. BernhardSmith, A. 1923. Poisonous plants of all countries, 2nd ed. Note: poisonous
  4. Bisby, F. A. & K. W. Nicholls. 1977. Effects of varying character definitions on classification of Genisteae (Leguminosae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 74:114.
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  6. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  7. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  8. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 141-142.
  9. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  10. Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti. 1988. Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics Note: poisonous
  11. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  12. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  13. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  14. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  15. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  16. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. 1988. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23)
  17. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  18. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  19. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  20. International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  21. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  22. Jordanov, D. et al., eds. 1963-1982. Flora na narodna republika Balgarija. Note: = Sarothamnus scoparius (L.) Wimm. ex W. D. J. Koch
  23. Jovanovic, S. 1970-1977. Flora SR Srbije.
  24. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  25. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: = Sarothamnus scoparius (L.) Wimm. ex W. D. J. Koch
  26. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  27. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  28. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  29. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  30. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  31. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  32. Meyer, F. G. et al. 1994. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States
  33. National Herbarium of New South Wales. 1961-1984. Flora of New South Wales. Note: natzd.
  34. Pammel, L. H. 1911. Manual of poisonous plants. Note: poisonous
  35. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  36. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  37. Peterson, D. J. & R. Prasad. 1998. The biology of Canadian weeds. 109. Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 78:497-504.
  38. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  39. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  40. Sanjappa, M. 1992. Legumes of India
  41. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  42. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  43. Smythies, B. E. 1984-1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  44. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  45. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/scotchbroom.shtml target='_blank'
  46. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  47. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  48. Zhu, X. Y. et al. 2007. Legumes of China: a checklist
  49. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  50. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=13019. Accessed 17 October 2019.