Taxon: Acorus calamus L.

 
Genus: Acorus
Family: Acoraceae
Nomen number: 1358
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:324. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358343
Typification:
Name Verified on: 28-Apr-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Apr-2018
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Materials: essential oils (used in perfumery & pharmacy fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Materials: lipids (used in perfumery & pharmacy fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide BernhardSmith; Pl Book; Der Marderosian)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Chita, Gorno-Altay, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha]
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India (n.), Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Celebes, Java]


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa


    Naturalized



    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Oregon]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. BernhardSmith, A. Poisonous plants of all countries, 2nd ed. (BernhardSmith)
  3. Birdsey, M. R. 1951. The cultivated aroids 8.
  4. Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  6. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  7. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics. 1988 (Der Marderosian)
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  12. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  15. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae). 2002 (L Araceae)
  16. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  17. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  18. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  19. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  20. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  21. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  22. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  23. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  24. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  25. Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  26. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  27. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  28. Motley, T. J. 1994. The ethnobotany of sweet flag, Acorus calamus (Araceae) Econ. Bot. 48:397-412.
  29. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  30. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  31. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  32. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  33. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  34. Wyk, B.-E. van et al. Medicinal plants of South Africa. 2009 (Med Pl SAfr)

Check other web resources for Acorus calamus L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=1358. Accessed 23 April 2018.