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Taxon: Dianthus caryophyllus L.

 
Genus: Dianthus
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Subfamily: Caryophylloideae
Tribe: Caryophylleae
Nomen number: 13826
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:410. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 25-Nov-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 64 (6 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Materials: essential oils
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized (occasionally natzd.)

    Other (probable origin Mediterranean region)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  4. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  7. De-quan, Lu. 1995. The classification, evolution and distribution of Dianthus in China. Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 15:457.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  10. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist. Note: mentions
  11. Hegi, G. et al. 1979. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 3, 2:994. Note: ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
  12. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  13. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  14. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  15. Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2. 1977-1982. Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu).
  16. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  17. Keng, H. 1990-. The concise flora of Singapore.
  18. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  19. Kress, W. J. et al. 2003. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 45 189.
  20. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  22. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  24. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  25. Onozaki, T. 2008. Improvement of flower vase life using cross-breeding techniques in carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.). Jap. Agric. Res. Quart. 42:137-144.
  26. Onozaki, T. 2018. Chapter 15. Dianthus. Handbook of plant breeding 11: Ornamentals Springer International Publishing.. 11:349-381.
  27. Pajaujis Anonis, D. 1993. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery.
  28. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  29. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  30. Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979-1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  31. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  32. Rohweder, H. 1934. Beiträge zur Systematik und Phylogenie des Genus Dianthus unter Berücksichtigung der karyologischen Verhältnisse. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 66:289-290.
  33. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  34. Soukup, J. 1970. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. 118.
  35. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  36. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  37. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  38. Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  39. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  40. Welsh, S. L. & G. Moore. 1973. Utah plants
  41. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.

Check other web resources for Dianthus caryophyllus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Dianthus caryophyllus cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=13826. Accessed 12 July 2020.