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Taxon: Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench

 
Genus: Echinacea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 14799
Place of publication: Methodus 591. 1794, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
  • • based on Rudbeckia purpurea L., nom. cons.
Name Verified on: 08-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 29 (25 active, 20 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Michigan (s.), Ohio]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa (s.), Kansas (Cherokee Co.), Missouri, Oklahoma (e.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Adventive

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Germany, Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Binns, S. E. et al. 2001. (1508) Proposal to conserve the name Rudbeckia purpurea [=Echinacea purpurea] (Asteraceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 50:1199-1200.
  3. Binns, S. E. et al. 2001. Typification of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench (Heliantheae: Asteraceae) and its implications for the correct naming of two Echinacea taxa. Taxon 50:1169-1175.
  4. Binns, S. E. et al. 2002. A taxonomic revision of Echinacea (Asteraceae: Heliantheae). Syst. Bot. 27:620-621. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  5. Brummitt, R. K. 2004. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 54. Taxon 53:817-818. Note: proposal recommended
  6. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  7. Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana.
  8. Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa. 1994. The vascular plants of Iowa
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. Farr, E. R. et al., eds. 1979, 1986. Index nomina genericorum Note: 1979; suppl. 1986
  12. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Echinacea+purpurea&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  16. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  19. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  21. Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd. 1978. Distribution of Illinois vascular plants
  22. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  23. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  24. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  25. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  26. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  27. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  28. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  29. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Asteraceae&GenusID=Echinacea&SpeciesID=purpurea target='_blank'

Check other web resources for Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench :

  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14799. Accessed 23 July 2019.