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Taxon: Aegilops tauschii Coss.

Genus: Aegilops
Section: Vertebrata
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Triticinae
Nomen number: 1550
Place of publication: Notes pl. crit. 69. 1850 ("1849")
Link to protologue:
  • • = Aegilops squarrosa auct. (non A. squarrosa L. = A. triuncialis var. triuncialis)
  • • valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 18-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 18-Jul-2011
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 225 (192 active, 110 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • rough-spike hard grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • Tausch's goat grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • kurzgranniges Bartgras  (Source: Pap AU Wagen) - German
  • aytzagn tztzamagh  (Source: Pap AU Wagen) - Transliterated Armenian
  • agaida  (Source: Pap AU Wagen) - Transliterated Kurdish

Distributional Range:


    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey (e.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (s.), Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Henan, Shaanxi, Xinjiang]

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Jammu and Kashmir] Pakistan

    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine [Krym]


    Northern America
    • United States (s.w.)


  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  4. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  5. Hammer, K. 1980. Zur Taxonomie und Nomenklatur der Gattung Aegilops L. Feddes Repert. 91:233.
  6. Hammer, K. 1978. Blütenökologische Merkmale und Reproduktionssystem von Aegilops tauschii Coss. (syn. Ae. squarrosa L.) (Kulturpflanze) 26:271.
  7. Kilian, B. et al. 2011. Chapter 1. Aegilops (Wild Crop Rel Cer) 1-76.
  8. Kimber, G. & M. Feldman Wild wheat, an introduction. 1987 (Wild Wheat)
  9. Löve, Á. 1984. Conspectus of the Triticeae Feddes Repert. 95:493.
  10. Majka, M. et al. 2017. Aegilops tauschii accessions with geographically diverse origin show differences in chromosome organization and polymorphism of molecular markers linked to leaf rust and powdery mildew resistace genes Front. Plant Sci. 8:1149.
  11. Marcussen, T. et al. 2014. Ancient hybridizations among the ancestral genomes of bread wheat (Science) 345:1250092.
  12. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  13. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  14. Schlegel, R. H. J. Chapter 7. Breeding (Rye Genet Breed Cult) 199-263.
  15. Schneider, A. et al 2008. Utilisation of Aegilops (goatgrass) species to widen the genetic diversity of cultivated wheat (Euphytica) 163:1-19.
  16. Slageren, M. W. van 1994. Wild wheats: a monograph of Aegilops L. and Amblyopyrum (Jaub. & Spach) Eig Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 94-7:1-512.
  17. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  18. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  19. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  20. Yen, C. et al. 1983. The distribution of Aegilops tauschii Cosson in China and with reference to the origin of the Chinese common wheat (Proc 6th I Wt Gn Sym) 55-58.

Check other web resources for Aegilops tauschii Coss. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=1550. Accessed 20 March 2019.